MANDUKYA UPANISAD WITH KARIKA. By Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri S. Chandrasekaran, USA. Published by: Arsha Avinash Foundation. Description of AUM as the creation of the universe, Why the law of thermodynamics is merely proof of the Divine, Advaita Commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. Mandukya Upanishad With Gaudapada’s Karika and Shankara’s Commentary [ Swami Nikhilananda] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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The greatest tragedy of life is to think that no work is possible without a firm belief in duality and subject- object relationship. He who knows the two experiencer and the objects of maandukyaappearing as many in kkarika form of subject and objects of experience, though enjoying them, is 5 not affected thereby; because 6 all objects of expereince are experienced by one subject alone. Sankara himself has done so. His understanding would suffer the contamination of ignorance through duality.

Through the meditation of Aum one can realize both the Para attributeless Brahman and the Apara associated with names and forms Brahman. The Realised Sage has no need to visualise the Absolute through quarters.

Those who look upon the act of creation as real and then explain it as of the same nature as ipanishad and illusion, forget that dream and illusion are, after maneukya, unreal and hence they cannot explain the supposed reality of the act of creation.

What is the point of resemblance?

If at any time ones understanding is at variance to this reality then forgetting is taking place. The Self is the Absolute. According to Swami Prajnanananda Saraswati and a few other scholars, Sankara flourished before Christ. Similarly from our common experience it is known that the states of dream and deep sleep are preceded by the waking state which is therefore the first of the three states. This view may be true from the non- philosophical standpoint.

The duality of cause and effect are the imagined workings within the Maya of creation. It is one thing to say that the secret of existence, how the unchangeable reality expresses itself in the changing universe without forfeiting its nature is a mystery, and another to dismiss the whole changing universe, as a mere mirage. The relation of mind to its ideas or contents is another problem that has not as yet been even dreamt of in Western Philosophy.


This immutable existence suffers no division through quarters or any other form of differentiation.

The Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya)

Compare the following couplet from the Manu Smfti: AUM is beginningless and unique. If his mind, after attaining steadiness, again seeks external objects, he should make it one with Atman through great effort.

Without a positive Reality we cannot affirm our empirical experience. The meaning is, Which quarter is the One quarter that knows all other quarters or states, but at the same time is unknown by those three states? But the opponent points out to him the fact of the existence of the universe which incontestably proves duality. Mandukya Upanishad, verse 1. As a powerful fish swims from one bank to another unimpeded by the currents of the river, so also Atman moves in the three states totally unaffected by them.

The U is the sustaining quality, the quality of Satwa. The ordinary man does not understand their way.

Full text of “Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya – Swami Nikhilananda”

Its unreal illusory aspect has been described as due to ignorance, like the illusion of snake in the rope, having for its characteristics the three quarters and being of the same nature as the seed 10 and the sprout.

Here, we deem it necessary to review some of the- observations of the latest among well-known authors. There is not the least doubt that his work will open new vistas of thought to Western enquirers and will make them turn to the East for more light. A student must be dis- appointed if he expects Advaita Vedanta to point out to him the means of enjoying pleasures, which depend upon the subject-object relationship, which is based upon duality of existence.

Jivas are all peace from the very beginning, ever unproduced and indestructible by their very nature, and therefore, eternal and inseparable. The universe of duality which is cognized is mere illusion maya ; Non—duality alone is the Supreme Reality.

This is what is known as the Fourth Turiya. At the beginning of the fourth chapter of the Karika, Gaudapada does not adore Buddha but Narayana who is worshipped in Badarikasrama through the symbol of Man.

With the negation of duality, the instrument of Know- ledge itself becomes ineffective, for it cannot function the next moment. But Prajna is conditioned by cause alone. But this does not prove that they necessarily accept all that Buddha or Buddhism teaches.


Avidya gives rise to Kama or desire, and this in its turn, impels a man to action. This same Atman has four quarters. As a matter of fact, it is Turiya as the witness fflTSf that is revealed out by the three states.

Its truth is independent of sect, creed, colour, race, sex, and belief. He is called first 12 quarter because the subsequent quarters are realized through him Vaiiwanara.

No one can ever prove the apparent mystery of one becoming the many, for, the many does never really exist. To see their birth is like seeing the footprints of birds in the sky. He denies the category of relationship, in what is Ultimate Truth. But this Consciousness is really ever unborn, immovable and free from the traits of materiality; it is all peace and non—dual.

As the jiva conjured up by the magician comes into existence and disappears, so also these jivas perceived in the waking state appear and disappear. There is positive proof on the other hand to show that he was not a Buddhist.

Therefore we have tried to elucidate Gaucjapada and Sankara manduka copious notes. Neither Gaudapada nor Sankara ignores those who believe in the reality of the external objects or of the nandukya manifold on account of their perceiving those objects through the instrumentality of the sense organs- or their attachment to the particular avocations of life IV. It is ever effulgent and omniscient.

There- fore they cannot be said to enjoy the show in reality. Similarly, Aum is the substratum of the entire illusion of the world of speech having 11 for its corresponding contents such illusory objects as Prana, etc. The universe as Brahman does not appear and disappear. The wise realize such a mind to be Brahman; It is undifferentiated, birthless and non—dual.

The verses 6 and 7 of the Upanishad states the fourth state of Self as one beyond all the three, beyond extrospective state, beyond introspective state, beyond cognitive state, the state of ekatmya pratyaya sara one with the Selftranquil, benign, advaita without second.