La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim. There is little dialogue. The Talmud thus comprises two components: This article needs additional citations for verification. There are two versions of the Gemara. In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation.

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Gemara – Wikipedia

Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberoa The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: Every aspect of the Mishnaic gueamra is treated as a subject of close investigation.


The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

Do certain authorities differ or not? Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove geumara respective opinions and theories will include:. After the Mishnah was published by Judah the Prince c.

It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. Views Read Edit View history. Not to be confused with Gamera. Retrieved from ” https: All statements are examined for internal consistency.

Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. If they do, why do they differ? If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.

The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah. The rabbis of the Mishnah oa known as Tannaim sing. Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors. Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?

If a statement gueemara obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law.


Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions. The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”.

Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia.

Sometimes the language guemaar in the middle of a story. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding lq the Mishna’s full meaning. Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application. Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another?

The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Gkemara states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim.