March Notes on the Antisymmetry of Syntax. Bernhard Rohrbacher. University of Pennsylvania. Follow this and additional works at. syntax came into its own as a tool for investigating and explaining typological variation 2″Antisymmetry and Japanese” () English Linguistics, syntax has no tools that can be used to analyze linear asymmetries (see . closer to answering the questions raised by Kayne’s antisymmetry.

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Storage and Computation in the Language Faculty. Why is it that this particle is on the left edge of the clause syjtax English, but on the right edge in Japanese?

Kayne claims that head movement is always leftward. Informally, Kayne’s theory states that if a nonterminal category A asymmetrically c-commands another nonterminal category B, all the terminal nodes dominated by A must precede all of the terminal nodes dominated by B this statement is commonly referred to as the “Linear Correspondence Axiom” or LCA.

Editor for this issue: In arguing for a universal underlying Head-Complement order, Kayne uses the concept of a probe-goal search based on the Minimalist program.

The definitions above may perhaps be thought to allow BP to c-command AP, but a c-command relation is not usually assumed to hold between two such categories, and for the purposes of antisymmetry, the question of whether BP c-commands AP is in fact moot.

Having a lot of experience in modelling morphological knowledge and the creation of a large grammatical computer dictionary of Bulgarian.

Antisymmetry – Wikipedia

This rejects the idea of an underlying ordering which is then subject to movement, as posited in the Antisymmetry theory and in certain other approaches. Kayne’s theory extremely configurational with a great number of movement rules and abstract functional heads.

The following trees illustrate phrases that combine both types of branching:. Kayne, The Antisymmetry of Syntax Editor for this issue: The combination of left- and right-branching is now completely visible in both the constituency- and dependency-based trees.


The Antisymmetry of Syntax. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Syjtax above is not an exhaustive list of c-command relations in the tree, but covers all of those that are significant in the following exposition.

Kayne claims antlsymmetry a specifier and a complement are always on the opposite sides of the head. John Benjamins Publishing Company.

The following trees have been chosen to illustrate the extent to which a structure can be entirely left- or entirely anttisymmetry. Relatives and possessives are the topic of Chapter 8, namely, postnominal possessives in English, relative clauses in English, N-final relative clauses, reduced relatives and adjectives, nonrestrictive relatives.

Given the flatter structures associated with n-ary branching, certain phenomena e. This page was last edited on 30 Novemberat The following phrases show the phrase heads in bold. In all of these positions synttax point of symmetry is observed which can be broken in two ways: Kayne argues that a theory that allows both directionalities would imply an absence of asymmetries between languages, whereas in fact antisymmetrg are found not to be symmetrical in many respects.

From the mids onwards, the standard analysis of wh-movement involved the wh-phrase moving leftward to a position on the left edge of the clause called [Spec,CP] i.

The following sentence is completely left-branching. So, the structure for the Japanese example above is something like the following:. The Kante and Austronesian languages of southeast Asia and many African languages come close to rigidly right-branching, with numerals as well as adjectives following their nouns and with degree words like verytooextremelyand quite following the adjectives they modify.

Grammar Linguistic typology Word order.

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What is more, he concludes that “specifier-head-complement, and not the reverse, is the only order available to the subcomponents of a phrase”. The c -examples contain one instance of right-branching the upper branch and antiymmetry instance of left-branching the lower branch.


Linguistic Inquiry 19, — It should be mentioned that in this article it is accepted that either moving or deleting of one of the symmetry makers can break the point of symmetry.

Consider the following tree:. In the same chapter, the author turns stntax the structure below the word level and tries to explore how kznye theory works at the morphemic level. The theory is an interesting, clearly defined approach to linguistic structure within the tradition of the big trend of transformational grammar. He further argues that a movement approach to deriving non S-H-C orders is appropriate, since it derives asymmetries in typology such as the fact that “verb second” languages such as German are not mirrored by any known “verb second-from-last” languages.

In terms of merged pairs, this structure can also be represented as:.

It is exactly here that R. The following sentence is completely right-branching:. By definition, this small clause is nothing more than a point of symmetry which must be broken in line with linear correspondent axiom hence, LCA kanye, This implies according to the theory an ordering whereby probe comes before goal, i. In the big picture, right-branching structures tend to outnumber the left-branching structures in English, which means that trees usually grow down to the right.

The theory is based on a notion of asymmetric c-commandc-command being a relation between antisymmetrg in a tree originally defined by Tanya Reinhart A fundamental relation is that between a hierarchical representation of sentential elements and their linear order, i. It is implied that such languages are likely following a head-final parameter value, as originally conceived.