The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Thanks to Walter Jominy (the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the war), there is a simple but. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set.

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This cools the specimen from one end, simulating the effect of quenching a larger steel component in water. This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although the microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high. What is shown is the text of the hardness values you jojiny throughout the material relative to the hardness you get at a certain distance from cooling only the end in the same medium is what is shown For example, if you can live with the hardness you get 2 kominy from the end of a bar in tesg Jominy test red lineyour bar can gave a diameter of about 10 cm blue line and will have that hardness everywhere if you cool with maximal cooling rate liquid nitrogen, for example.

A standardised bar, The hardness of the samples was measured as a function of the distance from the quenched end to demonstrate the different hardenability of the two steels. The Jominy end quench test is the standard method for measuring the hardenability of steels. Just take a standard size sample Clicking on the circled data points will take you to images of the microstructure at that location in the sample.

Jominy Test and Hardness Depth

Modern materials and manufacturing processes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions. Increasing the austenite grain size therefore decreases the available nucleation sites, which retards the rate of the phase transformation. Ferrite and pearlite are formed where the cooling rate is slower. In the example here, the surface will be transformed to martensite, but the core will have a bainitic structure with some martensite.


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Jominy End Quench Test

Structure of En 8 at the quenched end of Jominy bar. A high hardenability rest required for through hardening of large components. The hardenability of a ferrous alloy is measured by a Jominy test: A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid.

The furnace used to heat the steel into the austenite phase field. For the alloy steel it is larger, they are hard for at jminy 25 mm. There are conversion charts between the hardness scales. Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. This information is plotted on a hardenability graph.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use gest Privacy Policy. As the water jet sprays onto the end of the hot, glowing specimen, a cold dark region spreads up the specimen. Assume that a steel bar with a certain diameter is cooled completely in a medium as shown.

Overview of Major Steels. Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels.

The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel. The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth to which a material is hardened after putting it through a heat treatment process. The resultant teet is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility.

Adopted from a ” Key to Metals ” article. What you might find is shown to the right of the test set-up.

The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite teet obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. Now add some CrVMnNior Mo or some other suitable elementsand if you do everything right, you may obtain the blue curves – steels with good hardenability and a much larger hardening depth.


We now could assess the efficiency of all that disgusting stuff the ancient smiths used for quenching their steel: This animation requires Adobe Flash Player 8 and later, which can be downloaded here. It is not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the information obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure. The austenite grain size can be affected by other stages in the jomony of steel, and therefore the hardenability of a steel also depends on the previous stages employed in its production.

This results in a progressive decrease in the rate of cooling along the bar from the quenched end. The round specimen is then ground flat jomony its length to a depth of 0. The cold region has transformed from austenite to a mixture of martensite, ferrite and pearlite. The Jominy end-quench test was invented by Walter E.

Knowledge about the hardenability of steels is necessary to be able to select the appropriate combination of alloy steel and heat treatment to manufacture components of different size to minimize thermal stresses and distortion. The interval is typically 1.

The retardation is due to the need for redistribution of the alloying elements during the diffusional phase transformation from austenite to ferrite and pearlite.

DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

This is commonly used in the USA. The geometry of the part also affects the cooling rate: The farther away from the quenched end that the hardness extends, the higher the hardenability.

The hardening depth is around 10 mm for the carbon iron the exact number depends on how you define it in this example. Retrieved 9 December Here a etst is in place.