John Wansbrough, SOAS University of London, History Department, Alumnus. Studies History, Semitic languages, and Comparative Semitic Linguistics. It seems that the most radical assessment was demonstrated by John Wansbrough in his exceptional works, Quranic Studies: Sources and. To launch into a discussion of John Wansbrough and his ideas is a daunting Wansbrough’s ideas deeply must be equipped with several languages in addi.

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Manuscripts utilised in Quranic studies This table prepared by Rippin lists the 17 manuscripts upon which Wansbrough relied and gives jhon in those cases where they have since been published.

Translating John Wansbrough…into English | International Qur’anic Studies Association

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Mutazilite supporters of the view that the Quran was created by God had enforced their views aided by the political authority of the caliph, especially Mamun Al Rashiduntil a later caliph sided with the opposing view. Because of its importance, however, it is all the more regrettable that this volume is such an exceedingly cumbersome and gratuitously difficult wansbrojgh, one marked by impenetrable syntax and often unintelligible sequence of ideas.

It is not an easy book to summarise, especially since it comprises essays that were originally written separately. From the foregoing analysis of rhetorical schemata and of variant tradition, exegetical gloss, and conceptual assimilation, it may be supposed that the Quranic revelation is no exception to the general rule.

To describe at least part of Ibn Ishaq’s activity, for example, as exegetical tafsir is convenient but, if the technical term wansbruogh construed in its traditional sense explication de textepossibly misleading.

Such analysis indicates, rather, the existence of independent, possibly regional, traditions incorporated more or less intact into the canonical compilation, itself a product of expansion and strife within the Muslim community.

John Wansbrough

Wansbrough proceeds to critique what Muslims have written about the circumstances of revelation and the life of the Prophet, in particular the biography by Ibn Ishaq. There was a whole body of stories, known as the Israiliyat in Arabic, known at that time from which Muhammad pbuh took the themes in the Quran. Accordingly one has to rely entirely upon the written texts, as oral histories could not survive such a long period, especially with the disruptions that the society suffered during the wansbrougg concerned.

Scientists often use “thought experiments” jonh a way of testing or explaining their thinking.

The sectarian milieu, content and composition of islamic salvation history (John WANSBROUGH)

By the very achievement of canonicity the document of revelation was assured a kind of independence, both of historical traditions commonly adduced to explain its existence and of external criteria recruited to facilitate its understanding.


These are the most likely historical facts, regardless of whether or not one believes that Muhammad pbuh was divinely inspired. In particular I have skipped over the many pages of detailed textual analysis. The same point is made in many other places in the Quran. Both were asserted; neither was proved. For isolation and description of its components the selection of criteria is a matter requiring the greatest care.

Wansbrough devised a new theory that the Quran was composed much later and in Mesopotamia. To this effect William Graham writes:. Retrieved from ” https: I would say that when we speak of the Quran in this context, and if we are going to have a meaningful discussion of the question, three elements must come into play: This situation is illustrated by consideration of the sheer quantity of scholarship that has been produced and the number of scholarly landmarks that exist in the field.

The sectarian milieu, content and composition of islamic salvation history (John WANSBROUGH)

Technical terms C. Summary Muslims and non-Muslims have always differed over the origin of the Quran. There is a good deal of uncertainty as johh what we do mean here by wanbsrough Quran. Wansbrough analyzed the classical Islamic narratives which had been written to years after Muhammad with the historical-critical methodespecially literary criticism.

Wansbrough takes that mindset over to the study of the Quran, but ignores the major differences: Similarly the wanssbrough where the battle of Uhud took place, and where the Muslim fallen are buried, has been known continuously from the time of the battle until now. Thus, he claimed countless proofs that these texts are not historical accounts but later literary constructions in mohn sense of the concept of a “salvation history” Heilsgeschichte of the Old Testament.

And yet, they [who are bent on denying the truth] assert, “[Muhammad] has invented it! The author assumes total familiarity with the language that biblical scholars use to analyse and discuss the text of the Bible; a reasonable assumption given the audience that Wansbrough was writing for.

Demonstration of the ‘historical development of Abraham in the Quran’for Moubarac the evolution of a composite figure out an joohn dual image, required not only a verifiable chronology of revelation but also the structural unity of joohn Canon.

Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. His work is based upon detailed textual analysis but disregards Muslim historical writings and history more generally. Slavery of black people had been practiced in the South, and ended by the Civil War.


This is wansbeough of Wansbrough’s main accomplishments as reflected in this book, which lists 17 manuscript works. This radical view is much more challenging to a Muslim than the standard non-Muslim view.

Wansbrough spends a number of pages analysing what Muslims have written about the Prophet pbuh and the possible impact upon Islam of Christian attitudes to scripture and prophethood. Also by then Muslims were writing manuscripts which have survived. Arabic language — History.

Each subdiscipline of biblical studies has its own set of ‘classics. This page was last edited on 9 Januaryat Instead he mentions the eternal Quran as if this was a freestanding concept devised only to give the Quran more authority.

Johj merely the principal themes, but also the rhetorical conventions by awnsbrough they are linked and in which they are clothed, the variant traditions in which they have been preserved, as well as the incidence of exegetical gloss and linguistic assimilation, comprise the areas of investigation undertaken in the first part of these studies. One of the most accessible comments he makes is:.

In Rippin’s view modern Quran scholarship began with Abraham Geiger’s essay originally written wansbroughh Latin and then published in German as “Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? It defies common sense that at some point in time someone would have been able to “plant” three spurious graves in Medina and convince the citizens that these graves had always been there. The Disqus wsnsbrough facility below allows you to comment on this page. This book was written by an academic for other academics.

And yet, the merely allusive style of that document would appear to preclude positing the relationship of figural interpretation jon admitted to exist between the Old and New Testaments. Wansbrough appears to have preconceived views regarding how the Quran should be written and hohn it should say if it is going to “develop, most of the themes traditionally associated with literature of prophetical expression”. Journal of the American Oriental Society [] However it is worth reading Surat Yusuf oneself to see if it is really as unclear as Wansbrough states.