Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality. Front Cover. Gerard Delanty. Macmillan, – History – Bibliographic information. QR code for Inventing Europe. I{ETlllNKlNC IRTSH HISTORy (with patrick O’Mahony). Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality. Gerard Delanty. Senior LÄ›crurer in Sociology. U niversity of Liver . Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,

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Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality by Gerard Delanty

The best invenitng these, such as the classic mono- graphs by Hay and Fischerare informative but do nothing to offer an intellectual appraisal of a diffuse construct. The dominant power in the West was no longer Byzantium. In contrast, the Byzantine east suffered less from these set- backs and, in fact, experienced a period of growth in the fourteenth century. Europeanism generally signified some notion of political unitybe it that ihventing the Holy Leagucsand alliances of Christendom, the Concert of Europe or the European Union.

Both the Tudor and Habsburg historical myths of legitimation, for instance, proclaimed the Trojans to be their ancestors, and in he east the Ottomans also appealed to Troy for a myth of origins. It may be helpful toconccptualise this with the help of the metaphor of the football game: But, to take the metaphor further, it is not without its referees, for the social reproduction of reality also involves a normative dimension; that is, it can be linked to a moral dimension which has the power of critical self-reflection.

[ Gerard Delanty] Inventing Europe : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

Europe then begins to shed itself of its association with Christendom and slowly becomes an autonomous discourse. Its challenging, thesis is that the European idea has lent itself to a politics or” division and exclusion, which has been disguised by superficial notions of Unit ‘. It was a consciousness that was sustained by the principle of exclusivity rather than on any kind of immanent collective conesion. Oct 31, Ann Saks added it.


euroope The Frankish empire extended only as far eastward as the Elbe, the mountains of Bohemia and the Alpine districts of Austria; it was a small Europe, which excluded the Slav lands to the east and did not include all of Germanic civilisation Barraclough,p.

The euroope of the nation has also been finally sub- jected to major intellectual critiques, yet nothing has been written to dispel the myth of Europe as a unifying and univcrsalising project.

In this period many travellers had set forth to China from where many cultural and aesthetic influences came to Europe Wittkowcr,pp. At this point I should like to clarify a theoretical presupposition implicit in what I have been arguing. The reforms that were carried out by the 26 Inventing Europe The Origins of the Idea of Europe 27 emperors Diocletian and Constantine enabled only the eastern part of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine empire, to survive.

With the consolidation of the idea of Europe – which I place at the late fifteenth century – 1 seek in Chapter 3 to relate this new cultural model to the emerging forms of European identity and their burgeoning geo-political realities. Its basic thesis is that the idea of Europe has become part of a new state-seeking nation- alism that has crystallised in ‘Fortress Europe’ and far from being a succes- sor to the nation-state, Europe, in fact, is a function of it.

Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality

But this was not to endure. When the Other is recognised as such, difference is positive, but when the Other is represented as a threatening stranger, difference is negative. It was out of this feud that t the idea of Europe began to take on the increasing coherence of a cultural frame of reference for the northern princes.

It is primarily intended for students of the social and political sciences looking for a critical analysis of problems of European identity in the broader perspective of history. Much of the classical cul- ture, which had been extinguished in the West after the break-upof the Roman world, was preserved, and indeed expanded, by the Arabs. Between about and 1 a whole new civilisational pattern based upon feudal- ism expanded as far west as Ireland and as far east as Jerusalem, bringing with it a uniform society Bartletl, By this fmean the violence that is contained in a cultural world-view which claims to be in possession of a single universal truth.


The idea ofEurope should, however, be seen as an even higher degree of abstraction than the national ideal. By a ‘hegemon’ I mean, following Gramscithe manifold ways in which consciousness is structured in the soliciting of con- sent. The The Origins of the Idea of Europe 29 idea of Europe gave to medieval Christendom a certain territorial unity with which it could confront the Orient. Europe is more than an idea and identity; it is also a geo-political reality.

There have been hardly any studies on the idea of Europe as a basis of collective identity Garcia, ; Nelson inveenting al. Thus, the natives of Syria and Iran still drlanty modern Europeans ‘Franks’ because they have no other word for the crusading Franks who arrived from the West in the twelfth century.

Europe is as much an idea as it is a reality, but it is also a contested idea and it was in adversity that European identity was constructed as a dichotomy of Self and Other. A Theoretical Introduction I 2. In time the separation of the two empires would become a division of eccle- sia versus imperium, or Christendom versus Empire. A Theoretical Introduction 7 intellectual modalities of power through which Europe is constituted as a strategic reality and a subject of knowledge.

With the loss of much of eurrope Mediterranean to Islam, the Occident began to embrace the barbarian lands of the north-west. Christianity provided the western monarchies with a powerful myth of legitimation which became increasingly consolidated with the encroachment of Islam.