Common name: Indrajao • Assamese: dhulkari, dudkhuri • Bengali: kurchi, কুটজ kutaja • Gujarati: કડવો ઇન્દ્રજવ kadavo indrajav • Hindi: कडवा इंद्रजव. Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. (). E. antidysenterica (L.) Roxb. in Flemm. in As. Res. (), partly, as to specimens. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Colin Wenham Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve. Holarrhena pubescens. Photo: Bart Wursten Garura section of Mazowe River Game.

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Thiruvananthapuram District harbours more than 1, medicinal plants of which plants are hosts Structural and compositional variations in undisturbed and disturbed tropical forests of Bhuban hills The wood is easy to saw and machine and fairly durable under cover.

The fresh juice of bark is considered good to check the diarrhoea. Describes growth rates, allometries, parameters known to be predictive, morphometrics. Chonemorpha antidysenterica Roth G. A stem bark decoction showed anti-ulcerogenic effects in different models of gastroduodenal ulcers in rats. Document specific search options Title.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 68 1—3: Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Mambo Press, Gweru, Zimbabwe. The portal will be unavailable all day on Sunday 23rd Dec for maintenance.

It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Inflorescence a seemingly axillary cyme, rather lax, many-flowered; peduncle 1—1.

Holarrhena pubescens

Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, In India it is used in reclaiming wasteland. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 81—2, Wageningen, Netherlands. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Interesting Facts Bark and seed are traditionally used to treat malaria. Although slow in action compared with emetine, it is less toxic and can be administered orally.


A revision of Holarrhena R.

Conessine is a possibly valuable alternative for well-known drugs like emetine in the treatment of amoebic dysentery. Natural reproduction is abundant owing to regular and copious seeding from an early age, comparative immunity of the plant to damage by animals and its power of recovery from injury. The alkaloid content varies with the age of the holaerhena and the season.

India Biodiversity Portal

Outside India there is no commercial production, and this deserves more attention, given the easy propagation and management of Holarrhena pubescens. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. In treatment of urinary troubles, the bark is given with cow milk. Holarrhena congolensis Stapf from western DR Congo and Cabinda Angola is considered a hybrid between Holarrhena pubescensintroduced from Mozambique, and Holarrhena floribunda.

The alkaloid production can be boosted by adding cholesterol as holarrhenz precursor. Large shrub with elongated thin branches, wound drips with white sap, flowers, long tubular, white and fragrant.

Indian Journal of Pharmacy 39 2: It also has significant anti-amoebic activity, but it needs to be used with caution because it can produce neurological problems such as vertigo, tremors, insomnia, agitation or anxiety.

Comparative seed structure of medicinally important Holarrhena antidysenterica Roth. It includes published material pjbescens suggestions from the author or others. Holarrhena pubescens holarrhena pubescens 01 holarrhena Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.

Holarrhena pubescens – Wikipedia

Therefore the risk of genetic erosion seems yolarrhena. Or, Login with your user account:. Holarrhena pubescens occurs in dry evergreen to dry deciduous forest, scrub woodland, savanna, or in rocky localities, often near watercourses, up to m altitude. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. The flowers appear shortly after the leaves; the flowering period holarrhen short.


Useful plants of Nyasaland. Indian Endemicity Geographic Entity. The degree of pruning depends on the management objectives: Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Mti mweupe, mkwale Sw. Describes the likelihood of the species becoming extinct in the present day or in the near future. It is mainly grown or collected for domestic or local use, and the root bark is sold in local markets for medicinal purposes, e.

Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. The bark has astringent, anthelminthic, stomachic, febrifugal and tonic properties. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole mm, pubescent, stout; lamina x cm, broadly ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate; base obtuse, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous or puberulent beneath, membranous; lateral nerves pairs, prominent, arched, puberulous; intercostae reticulate.

The main alkaloid of the stem bark and root bark is conessine; other compounds are norconessine kurchineconessimine, kurchamine, kurchessine, pubsscens, conimine, conamine and holarrhenine. Alkaloids from the bark of Holarrhena pubescens. We present a systematic, updated checklist of larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. The stem bark and root bark of Holarrhena pubescens are used throughout its distribution area in the treatment of amoebic dysentery.