Philosophy of as if, the system espoused by Hans Vaihinger in his major philosophical work Die Philosophie des Als Ob (; The Philosophy of “As If”), which. The Philosophy of ‘as If ‘ has 32 ratings and 4 reviews. Elena said: Vaihinger provides here, I think, the clearest exposition of the thread that runs fr. ‘As if’ r\ S.l’stcut of tlrc :rl, Itr’:r.’ti.’ liietiotts.,rl’ I\’l;rnkin.l lly. H . VAIHINGER. ‘fr:rrrslrk’d lry. C. K. OGDEN. NEW YORK. HARCOURT, BRACIi.

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After his death, and the intellectual sea change that followed the Second World War, Vaihinger’s work received little attention from philosophers.

Hans Vaihinger

Vaihinger began to develop a system of philosophy he called vaiuinger “philosophy of ‘as if’ “. Views Read Edit View history. In this view, the fullest lucidity we can have access to as embodied existents is the lucidity to be found phillosophy we peer through the pervasive veneer of illusion that shrouds our lives, and gain thereby a liberating detachment from these by seeing them for the first time for what they really are, i.

It really was impressive how the author continually found textual material to support his argument. The “philosophy as-if” suspends belief in the foundational faith of any rational epistemology, namely, the belief that the pattern of the mind is adequate to grasp the pattern of the world, that the human part philoskphy grasp the form of the universal whole.

The revised translation was based on the sixth German edition of the original work. Journal of Individual Psychology. Examining Hidden Presuppositions vaihiger the Practice of Science. Rather, we seek to know a world fully colonized by our own human reflection, a world rendered a home for the human spirit, a world that is no longer an inscrutable, alien other.

This, he argues persuasively, is especially true in the case of Kant and Nietzsche, neither of which you can understand unless you place them in relation to each other on this larger map of philosophical positions that converge around “the philosophy of as-if,” which he also calls “fictionalism,” or the view that whatever else our knowledge-constructs may happen to be, what we can most surely say about them, from the vantage point which we, in fact, occupy, is that they are postulates grounded solely in our organismic striving to progressively extend the pattern set by our organismic requirements by re-creating the world in a human form.


Thanks for telling us about the problem. Help us improve this article! In this view, the fullest lucidity we can have access to as embodied existents is the lucidity Vaihinger provides here, I think, the clearest exposition of the thread that runs from the medieval nominalists, through Hume, Kant, and ultimately, Nietzsche.

Jeremy Bentham – – American Mathematical Society. Contact our editors with your feedback.

The Philosophy of ‘As if’ – Wikipedia

Philosophy of as if philosophy. Rather, “real fictions” are those vaihlnger “are not only in contradiction with reality but self-contradictory in themselves; the concept of the atom, for example, or the ‘Ding an sich’. This is an important book of one idea, but that idea is a very important one for the social scientist.

He shows hqns each of these thinkers contributes to the emergence of “the philosophy of as-if,” which is a mode of philosophizing that seeks to face squarely the epistemic implications that emerge from the pervasiveness of illusion in human life.

Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper. Skepticismin Western philosophy, the attitude of doubting knowledge claims set forth in various areas. Thomas rated it it was amazing Jul 26, We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Essential Readings in Logical Positivism.

Jun 20, Elena Holmgren rated it it was amazing Shelves: Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Moira Gatens – – European Journal of Hams 20 1: Midwest Studies in Philosophy philosohy 1: Laurent rated it really liked it Jan 31, Following Nietzsche, Vaihinger ruefully notes that we do not seek to know the world in itself; this is the foremost illusion of pre-critical epistemologies.


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Paul Siakaluk rated it liked it Mar 11, Epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. Original work published Mahoney, M. Studies in the Theory of Fiction with a New Epilogue. This tendency became painfully obvious when subjects other than science were being discussed.

International Vahinger of Personal Construct Psychology, 1 Kelly credited Vaihinger with influencing his theory, especially the idea that our constructions are better viewed as useful hypotheses rather than representations of objective reality.

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The Philosophy of ‘as If’: A System of the Theoretical, Practical and Religious Fictions of Mankind

He observed, “the mind is not merely appropriative, it is also assimilative and constructive” p. Bentham’s Theory of Fictions.

Rotting rated it it was ok May 05, Richard Pfau rated it really liked it Feb 23, I cannot help but admire the way that he shows that Nietzsche takes up the Kantian critique philoeophy the instrument of all knowing, reason, only to radicalize it by showing that all our ontology, which is used, among other things, to ground our various disciplines including those of scienceis really a subset of aesthetics and axiology. Vaihinger’s is an important history to tell because, I find, this particular side of our philosophical tradition is not often enough appreciated in the neo-positivist and happy-go-lucky because unreflective intellectual climate of today.

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