Unlike other Kocuria species that are strictly aerobic, Kocuria kristinae is °C. The genus Micrococcus has been recently divided into Micrococcus, Kocuria. Kocuria is a genus of Gram positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria, including the sequenced species Kocuria rhizophila. Kocuria has been identified in. Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov.

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Another study employing the Vitek-2 system initially identified two K. Alexander Muacevic and John R Adler. According to Rule 42, the two species should be united in one genus, and in the same species. On one occasion, a three-year screening of blood cultures in the National Taiwan University hospital led to the isolation of 21 Kocuria isolates from five patients, with 20 grnus K.

The lack of proper guidelines and genuw for Kocuria has forced many studies, including ours, to follow the susceptibility breakpoints used for Staphylococcus. Kocuria dacryocystitis infection, caused by Kocuria ocularis sp.

Case Reports in Infectious Diseases

Additionally, articles published within Cureus should not be deemed a suitable substitute genue the advice of a qualified health care professional. Kocuria himachalensis Mayilraj et al.

Kocuria Kocurka et al. Kocuria kristinae Kloos et al. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Infection of a ventriculoatrial shunt with phenotypically variable Staphylococcus epidermidis masquerading as polymicrobial bacteremia due to various coagulase-negative Staphylococci and Kocuria varians.


Kocuria koreensis Park et al.

Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species

The lack of genotypic studies has greatly impacted epidemiological investigations and the understanding of tenus basic differences between the saprophytic and pathogenic traits of Kocuria strains. Whole-genome sequence accession no. Improvement of the patient was visible after the initiation of antibiotic treatment, with fever subsiding and a decrease in the C-reactive protein level. Kocuria aegyptia Li et al. They are widely distributed in nature and can also be found frequently as normal skin kocuroa oral cavity flora in humans and other mammals.

Kocuria salina Camacho et al. All the experimental conditions reconfirmed that PKS was not able to produce biofilm.

Kocuria rhizophila adds to the emerging spectrum of micrococcal species involved in human infections. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek The majority of cases were device-related, acquired in the hospital or endogenous, and different Kocuria species appear to share a common etiology of peritonitis.

Infections of Kocuria spp normally involve patients with various debilitated conditions. Although not previously known to cause human infections, Kocuria species have now emerged as human pathogens, mostly in compromised hosts with severe underlying disease.

Indeed, the Port-A-Cath device might have provided a favorable niche for prolonged survival of the organism and subsequent recurrence. Original article by Schumann et al. Clinical profile of Kocuria spp Kocuria spp have been reported to be normal flora of human skin and oral cavity and are usually regarded as laboratory contaminants and ignored when isolated in the clinical specimens undermining its pathogenic potential.


Although a comprehensive view of Kocuria infections will have to await the documentation of many more cases, kocjria recent reports of Kocuria species as the cause of different diseases clearly reveal the expanding clinical spectrum of infections caused by Kocuria.

El Enany, and H. J Microbiol immunol infect. Furthermore, multiple isolates from individual patients with persistent blood-stream infection BSI revealed identical random amplification of polymorphic DNA profiles, implying that there was either incomplete treatment of an occult focus or persistent carriage of the same bacterium.

Micrococcus lylae gejus Micrococcus kristinae. Detection of the intercellular genys gene cluster ica and phase variation in Staphylococcus epidermidis blood culture strains and mucosal isolates. Kocuria pelophila Hamada et al. Kocuria marina Kim et al. Kocuria dechangensis Wang et al. Kocuria pelophila Hamada et al.