Exsurge Domine: Johann Eck: helped compose the papal bull Exsurge Domine (June ), in which Pope Leo X condemned 41 of Luther’s theses and . The bull threatening Luther with excommunication, Exsurge Domine (“Arise, O Lord”), was published on June 15, It represented the culmination of several . Exsurge Domine. A bull issued in June by Pope Leo X, threatening the excommunication of Luther. Source for information on Exsurge Domine: The.
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Arise, O Lord, and judge your own cause. Remember your reproaches to those who are filled with foolishness all through the day. Listen to our prayers, for foxes have arisen seeking to destroy the vineyard whose winepress you alone have trod. When you were about to ascend to your Father, you committed exsurye care, rule, and administration of the vineyard, exsuege image of the triumphant church, to Peter, as the head and your vicar and his successors.
Exsurge Domine – Oxford Reference
The wild boar from the forest seeks to destroy it and every wild beast feeds upon it. Give heed to the cause of the holy Roman Church, mother of all churches and teacher of the faith, whom you by the order of God, have consecrated by your blood.
Against the Roman Church, you warned, lying teachers are rising, introducing ruinous sects, and drawing upon themselves speedy doom. Their tongues are fire, a restless evil, full of deadly poison. They have bitter zeal, contention in their hearts, and boast and lie against the truth. We beseech you also, Paul, to arise.
It was you that enlightened and illuminated the Church by your doctrine and by a martyrdom like Peter’s. For now a new Porphyry rises who, as the old once wrongfully assailed the holy apostles, now assails the holy pontiffs, our predecessors. Rebuking them, in violation of your teaching, instead of imploring them, he is not ashamed to assail them, to tear at them, and when he despairs of his cause, to stoop to insults. He is like the heretics “whose last defense,” as Jerome says, “is to start spewing out a serpent’s venom with their tongue when they see that their causes are about to be condemned, and spring to insults when they see they are vanquished.
Finally, let the whole church of the saints and the rest of the universal church arise. Some, putting aside her true interpretation of Sacred Scripture, are blinded in mind by the father of lies. Wise in their own eyes, according to the ancient practice of heretics, they interpret these same Scriptures otherwise than the Holy Spirit demands, inspired only by their own sense of ambition, and for the sake of popular acclaim, as the Apostle declares.
In fact, they twist and adulterate the Scriptures. As a result, according to Jerome, “It is no longer the Gospel of Christ, but a man’s, or what is worse, the devil’s. Let all this holy Church of God, I say, arise, and with the blessed apostles intercede with almighty God to purge the errors of His sheep, to banish all heresies from the lands of the faithful, and be pleased to maintain the peace and unity of His holy Church.
For we can scarcely exsurgge, from distress and grief of mind, what has reached our ears for some time by the report of reliable men and general rumor; dmoine, we have dominr seen with our eyes and read the many diverse errors.
Some of these have already been condemned by councils and the constitutions of our predecessors, and expressly contain even the heresy of the Greeks and Bohemians. Other errors are either heretical, false, scandalous, or offensive to pious ears, as seductive of simple minds, originating with false exponents of the faith who in their proud curiosity yearn for the world’s glory, and contrary to the Apostle’s teaching, wish to be wiser than they should be.
Their talkativeness, unsupported by the authority of the Scriptures, as Jerome says, would not win credence unless they appeared to support their perverse doctrine even with divine testimonies however badly interpreted.
From their sight fear of God has now passed. These errors have, at the suggestion of the human race, been revived and recently propagated among the more frivolous and the illustrious German nation. We grieve the more that this happened there because we and our predecessors have always held this nation in the bosom of our affection. For after the empire had been transferred by the Roman Church from the Greeks to these same Germans, our predecessors and we always took the Church’s advocates and defenders from among them.
Indeed it is certain that these Germans, truly germane to the Catholic faith, have always dkmine the bitterest opponents of heresies, as witnessed by those commendable constitutions of the German emperors in behalf of the Church’s independence, freedom, and the expulsion and extermination of all heretics from Germany.
Those constitutions formerly issued, and then confirmed by our predecessors, were issued under the greatest penalties even of loss of lands and dominions against anyone sheltering or not expelling them. If they were observed today both we and they would obviously be free of this disturbance. Witness to this is the condemnation and punishment in the Council of Eomine of the infidelity of the Hussites and Wyclifites as well as Jerome of Prague.
Witness to this is the blood of Germans shed so often in wars against the Bohemians. We could allege many exxsurge facts too, which we have decided to omit, lest we appear to be composing a history.
Pope Leo X Threatens Luther – Exsurge Domine
In virtue of our pastoral office committed to us by the divine favor we can under no circumstances tolerate or overlook any longer the pernicious poison of the above errors without disgrace to the Christian religion and injury to orthodox faith.
Some of these errors we have decided to include in the present document; their substance is as follows:. It is a heretical opinion, but a common one, that the sacraments of the New Law give pardoning grace to those who do not set up an obstacle.
To deny that in a child after baptism sin remains is to treat with contempt both Paul and Christ. The inflammable sources of sin, even if there be no actual sin, delay a soul departing from the body from entrance into heaven. To one on the point of death imperfect charity necessarily brings with it great fear, which in itself alone is enough to produce the punishment of purgatory, and impedes entrance into the kingdom.
That there are three parts to penance: Contrition, which is acquired through discussion, collection, and detestation of sins, by which one reflects upon his years in the bitterness of his soul, by pondering over the gravity of sins, their number, their baseness, the loss of eternal beatitude, and the acquisition of eternal damnation, this contrition makes him a hypocrite, indeed more a sinner. It is a most truthful proverb and the doctrine concerning the contritions given thus far is the more remarkable: By no means may you presume to confess venial sins, nor even all mortal sins, because it is impossible that you know all mortal sins.
Hence in the primitive Church only manifest mortal sins were confessed. As long as we wish to confess all sins without exception, we are doing nothing else than to wish to leave nothing to God’s mercy for pardon. Sins are not forgiven to anyone, unless when the priest forgives them he believes they are forgiven; on the contrary the sin would remain unless he believed it was forgiven; for indeed the remission of sin and the granting of grace does not suffice, but it is necessary also to believe that there has been forgiveness.
By no means can you have reassurance of being absolved because of your contrition, but because of the word of Christ: If through an impossibility he who confessed was not contrite, or the priest did not absolve seriously, but in a jocose manner, if nevertheless he believes that he has been absolved, he is most truly absolved. In the sacrament of penance and the remission of sin the pope or the bishop does no more than the lowest priest; indeed, where there is no priest, any Christian, even if a woman or child, may equally do as much.
Great is the error of those who approach the sacrament of the Eucharist relying on this, that they have confessed, that they are not conscious of any mortal sin, that they have sent their prayers on ahead and made preparations; all these eat and drink judgment to themselves.
But if they believe and trust that they will attain grace, then this faith alone makes them pure and worthy. It seems to have been decided that the Church in common Council established that the laity should communicate under both species; the Bohemians who communicate under both species are not heretics, but schismatics.
The treasures of the Church, from which the pope grants indulgences, are not the merits of Christ and of the saints. Indulgences are pious frauds of the faithful, and remissions of good works; and they are among the number of those things which are allowed, and not of the number of those which are advantageous. Indulgences are of no avail to those who truly gain them, for the remission of the penalty due to actual sin in the sight of divine justice.
They are seduced who believe that indulgences are salutary and useful for the fruit of the spirit. Indulgences are necessary only for public crimes, and are properly conceded only to the harsh and impatient. For six kinds of men indulgences are neither necessary nor useful; namely, for the dead and those about to die, the infirm, those legitimately hindered, and those who have not committed crimes, and those who have committed crimes, but not public ones, and those who devote themselves to better things.
Excommunications are only external penalties and they do not deprive man of the common spiritual prayers of the Church. The Roman Pontiff, the successor of Peter, is not the vicar of Christ over all the churches of the entire world, instituted by Christ Himself in blessed Peter. The word of Christ to Peter: It is certain that it is not in the power of the Church or the pope to decide upon the articles of faith, and much less concerning the laws for morals or for good works.
If the pope with a great part of the Church thought so and so, he would not err; still it is not a sin or heresy to think the contrary, especially in a matter not necessary for salvation, until one alternative is condemned and another approved by a general Council.
A way has been made for us for weakening the authority of councils, and for freely contradicting their actions, and judging their decrees, and boldly confessing whatever seems true, whether it has been approved or disapproved by any council whatsoever. Some articles of John Hus, condemned in the Council of Constance, are most Christian, wholly true and evangelical; these the universal Church could not condemn.
To go to war against the Turks is to resist God who punishes our iniquities through them. No one is certain that he is not always sinning mortally, because of the most hidden vice of pride. Free will after sin is a matter of title only; and as long as one does what is in him, one sins mortally. The souls in purgatory are not sure of their salvation, at least not all; nor is it proved by any arguments or by the Scriptures that they are beyond the state of meriting or of increasing in charity.
The souls in purgatory sin without intermission, as long as they seek rest and abhor punishment. The souls freed from purgatory by the suffrages of the living are less happy than if they had made satisfactions by themselves. Ecclesiastical prelates and secular princes would not act badly if they destroyed all of the money bags of beggary.
No one of sound mind is ignorant how destructive, pernicious, scandalous, and seductive to pious and simple minds these various errors are, how opposed they are to all charity and reverence for the holy Roman Church who is the mother of all the faithful and teacher of the faith; how destructive they are of the vigor of ecclesiastical discipline, namely obedience.
This virtue is the font and origin of all virtues and without it anyone is readily convicted of being unfaithful. Therefore we, in this above enumeration, eomine as it is, wish to proceed with great care as is proper, and to cut off the advance of this plague and cancerous disease so it will not spread any further in the Lord’s field as harmful thorn-bushes.
We have therefore held a careful inquiry, scrutiny, discussion, strict examination, and mature deliberation with each of the brothers, the eminent cardinals of the holy Roman Church, as well as the priors and ministers general of the religious orders, besides many other professors and masters skilled in sacred theology and in civil and canon law. We have found that these errors or exzurge are not Catholic, as mentioned above, and are not to be taught, as such; but rather are against the doctrine and tradition of the Catholic Church, and against the true interpretation of the sacred Scriptures received from the Church.
Now Augustine maintained that her authority had exssurge be accepted so completely that he stated he would not have believed the Gospel unless the authority of the Catholic Church had vouched for it.
For, according to these errors, or any one or several of them, it clearly domin that the Church which is guided by the Holy Spirit is in error and has always erred. This is against what Christ at his ascension promised to his disciples as is read in the holy Gospel of Matthew: Failure to comply with these canons, according to the exsurfe of Cyprian, will be the fuel and cause of all heresy and schism. With the advice and consent of these our venerable brothers, with mature deliberation on each and every one of the above theses, and by the authority of almighty God, the blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and our own authority, we condemn, reprobate, and reject completely each of these theses or errors as either heretical, scandalous, false, offensive to pious ears or seductive of simple minds, and against Catholic truth.
By listing them, we decree and exdurge that all the faithful of both sexes must regard them as condemned, reprobated, and dxsurge. We restrain all in the virtue of holy obedience and under exsruge penalty of an automatic major excommunication Moreover, because the preceding errors and many others are contained in the books or writings of Martin Luther, we likewise donine, reprobate, and reject completely the books and all the writings and sermons of the said Martin, whether in Latin or any other language, containing the said errors or any one of them; and we wish them to be regarded as utterly condemned, reprobated, and rejected.
We forbid each and every one of the faithful of either sex, in virtue exsurgw holy obedience and under the above penalties to be incurred automatically, to read, assert, preach, praise, print, exsurte, or defend them. They will incur these penalties if they presume to uphold them in any way, personally or through another or others, exsuege or indirectly, tacitly or explicitly, publicly or occultly, either in their own homes or in other public or private places. Indeed immediately after the essurge of this letter these works, wherever they may be, shall be sought out carefully by the ordinaries and others [ecclesiastics and regulars], and under each and every one of the above penalties shall be burned publicly and solemnly in the presence of the clerics and people.
As far as Martin himself is concerned, O good God, what have we overlooked or not done?
What fatherly charity have we omitted that we might call him back from such errors? For after we had cited him, wishing to deal more kindly with domne, we urged him through various conferences with our legate and through our personal letters to abandon these errors.
We have even offered him safe conduct and the money necessary for the journey urging him to come without fear or any misgivings, which perfect charity should cast out, and to talk not secretly but openly and face to face after the example of our Savior and the Apostle Paul.
If he had done this, we are certain he would have changed in heart, and he would have recognized his errors. He would not have found all these errors in the Roman Curia which he attacks so viciously, ascribing to it more than he should because of the empty rumors of wicked men.
We would have shown him clearer than exwurge light of day that the Roman pontiffs, our predecessors, whom he injuriously attacks beyond odmine decency, never erred in their canons or constitutions which he tries to assail. For, according to the prophet, neither is healing oil nor the doctor lacking in Galaad. But he always refused fomine listen and, despising the previous exsugre and each and every one of the above overtures, disdained to come. To the present day he has been contumacious.