In Côte d’Ivoire water, in which the bark of young branches of Erythrophleum ivorense is crushed, is rubbed on the skin to treat smallpox. Erythrophleum ivorense is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) It can fix Nitrogen. Suitable for. Erythrophleum micranthum Don. [family LEGUMINOSAE-CAESALPINIOIDEAE ] Verified by Hutchinson; Dalziel, Erythrophleum guineense [family.

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Erythrophleum ivorense is an evergreen tree with a cylindrical trunk of 60 cm in diameter and can be with or without buttresses. It grows up to 40 m in height. It can be found in west tropical Africa.

Locally, it is known as sassy bark, mancona bark, casca bark, or? The bark is used as fish poison and for tanning. Bark decoction can be applied externally to relieve pain. Bark extract, on the other hand, can be taken orally as an emetic and laxative. The wood is hard to very hard, heavy to very heavy, elastic, durable, and resistant to fungi, dry wood borers and termites.

It is commonly erytyrophleum for joinery, heavy flooring, construction, bridges, etc. Erythrophleum micranthum Harms ex Craib Erythrophleum micranthum Holland. A bark decoction added to fermenting palm wine erythrophleuum make erythgophleum a more potent drink[ ]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants.

Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Commercial timbers – Erythrophleum ivorense A. Chev, E. guineense G. Don (Tali)

A bark extract is taken orally as an emetic and laxative[ ]. A decoction of the bark is applied externally to relieve pain[ ]. Water in which the bark of young branches is erythropheum, is rubbed on the skin to treat smallpox[ ]. The plant is a source of alkaloids. The bark contains the alkaloids cassaine, cassaidine and erythrophleguine.

The alkaloid content ranges from 0.

TALI (Erythrophleum ivorense)

In high doses, the bark extract is an extremely strong, rapid-acting cardiac poison, in warm-blooded animals causing shortness of breath, seizures and cardiac arrest in a few minutes[ ].

The alkaloids have a stimulant effect on erythrophlsum heart similar to that of the cardenolides digitoxine from Digitalis and ouabain from Strophanthus gratusbut the effect is very short-lasting, as the alkaloids are quickly metabolized in the organism[ ]. Cassaine and cassaidine have strong anaesthetic and diuretic effects, and increase contractions of the intestine and uterus[ ]. Apart from an increase of heart contraction in systole, the alkaloids also demonstrated an increase in diastole.


In addition, cassaidine caused depressive effects, while cassaine caused a violent state of excitation[ ].

Although the alkaloid content in the seeds is markedly lower than in the stem bark, the seeds are more toxic[ ]. This strong activity is due to a strong haemolytic saponin, which acts in a synergistic way with the alkaloids[ ]. The bark is used for tanning[ ]. The heartwood is an orangey yellowish brown to reddish brown, darkening upon exposure; it is clearly demarcated from the 3 – 6cm wide band of creamy-yellow sapwood. The grain is interlocked; the texture coarse; the lustre is moderate.

The wood is hard to very hard; heavy to very heavy; elastic; durable, even in contact with the soil, being resistant to fungi, dry wood borers and termites.

It seasons slowly, with a high risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. The wood is difficult to saw, with a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped sawteeth and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; finishing is generally fair, but planing may be difficult due to interlocked grain; pre-boring is necessary for nails and screws; erythrophleuk properties are good for internal purposes only.

The wood and iron should not be in contact in damp situations because of risks of reciprocal attack between the wood and the metal. The wood is suitable for joinery, heavy flooring, railway sleepers, harbour and dock work, turnery, construction and bridges.

It is also used for boat building and wheel hubs[]. The wood is a good fuel and makes excellent charcoal[ ]. Requires a sunny position[ ].

In Cote d’Ivoire the mean annual bole diameter increment has been recorded as 6. The logs sink in water and so cannot be transported by floating along a river[ ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ ].

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed[ ]. Germination usually takes place within 3 weeks[ ].

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. This taxon has not yet been assessed. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code.


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To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. You will receive a range of benefits including: You can unsubscribe at anytime. Erythrophleum ivorense – A. The bark is used as fish poison[ ]. The sawdust may irritate mucous membranes and may cause allergy and asthma of labourers in sawmills[ ]. Habitats Essentially a scattered, canopy tree of old secondary forests, it can also be found in evergreen primary and secondary forests, as well as in moist semi-deciduous forest[ ].

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Erythrophleum ivorense is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m 98ft by 25 m 82ft at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone UK It can fix Nitrogen. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. QR Code What’s this? Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.

Erythrophleum ivorense

Please view the copyright link for more information. The bark, and sometimes the seeds, are widely used as hunting and ordeal poison[ ]. Essentially a scattered, canopy tree of old secondary forests, it can also be found in evergreen primary and secondary forests, as well as in moist semi-deciduous forest[ ].