The ERG Theory of Clayton P. Alderfer is a model that appeared in in a Psychological Review article entitled “An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human. Alderfer’s ERG Theory is the extension of Maslow’s Needs hierarchy, wherein An American psychologist Clayton Paul Alderfer had proposed this theory and. Taking a theory as well-known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and reinventing it is a bold move, but that’s exactly what Clayton Alderfer did.

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Start Free Trial Book a Demo. Coaching Life coaching Team coaching Coaching program Coaching tools. Alderfer further developed Maslow’s hierarchy of needs by categorizing the hierarchy into his ERG theory ExistenceRelatedness and Growth.

You can preview and edit on the next page. Clayton Alderfer thinks these Existence Needs are obvious and that they form the basis for human existence.

More about the employee motivation ebook. With Growth NeedsClayton Alderfer focuses on the need of people to grown and develop themselves. Read here our previous newsletters. We share some of this information with third parties who may combine it with other information that you have provided to them or that they have collected from your use of their services. Unlike Maslow, he did not see these as being a hierarchy, but being more of a continuum. When we are related, we feel a sense of identity and position within our immediate society.


Relatedness Needs Encompass social and external esteem; relationships with significant others like family, friends, co-workers and employers. Compare with ERG Theory: For example if self-actualization or self-esteem is not met then individuals will invest more effort in xlayton relatedness category clxyton the hopes of achieving the higher need. Employee motivation theories Maslow hierarchy of needs theory ERG motivation theory Alderfer McClelland achievement and acquired needs theory Stacey Adams equity theory Hertzberg hygiene factors and motivators theory Vroom expectancy motivation theory Hackman and Oldham job characteristics model Was this content helpfull?

Going beyond the issues that were of concern to Maslow, Alderfer set forth a number of propositions that dealt with the effect of desires on satisfactions [3]:. For example, if growth opportunities are not provided to employees, they may regress to relatedness needs, and socialize more with co-workers.

ERG Theory3.

ERG Theory

Be careful when other people do things that threaten or promise to improve them. In this case, how can organisations prioritise the different needs? At the next level, once we are safe and secure, we consider our social needs.

Defending Know how well your own needs in this model are met, and what would threaten or improve them.

ERG theory – Wikipedia

First is monetary benefits related alrerfer …. Business Jargons A Business Encyclopedia. As you can see, in this theory financial incentives can only fulfill human needs indirectly, through their perceived value and effect on other people.


Two Factor Theory by Frederick Herzberg. Even though the research provided mixed results, most of the proposition still yielded enough support to maintain their viability. Many academics have examined various theories with respect to satisfying needs and motivation. The ERG framework recognizes that the order of importance of the three Categories may vary for each individual.

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If you value our work, please reward us by liking or throry to this article or website. We hate spam too. Relatedness At the next level, once we are safe and secure, we consider our social needs.

This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat Tags Heroes of Employee Engagement Psychology. Help everyone in your organisation reach their full potential.

ERG relates to several of our engagement drivers. Find the relative state of the other person’s needs for each of existence, relatedness and growth. This identifies five levels of motivational needs, beginning with basic requirements warmth, safety and progressing to self-actualisation the desire to become the best versions of ourselves. This frustration-regression principle impacts workplace motivation.