IN undertaking this new edition of lHonsiellr De Vattel’s treatise, it was not my the law of nature, the law of nations, and the civil law, are well known. ” The law. Cambridge Core – Political Theory – The Law of Nations – by Emmerich de Vattel / edited by Joseph Chitty. The great eighteenth-century theorist of international law Emer de Vattel (– ) was a key figure in sustaining the practical and theoretical influence of.

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Besides, it is written in the manner and even in the formal method of geometrical works. A nation may, for the same reason, oblige one branch who removes to another country, to renounce all claim to the crown, as a daughter who marries a foreign prince These renunciations, required or approved by the state, are perfectly se, since they are equivalent to a law that such persons and their posterity should be excluded from the throne.

This identical copy was ceremoniously “returned” years late on oof May The several engagements into which nations may enter, produce a new vatel of law of nations, called conventional, or of treaties. The princes and the city of Neufchatel established, inthe canton of Berne perpetual judge and arbitrator of their disputes. They differ only in the ideas they entertain of the origin whence that system arose, and of the foundations upon which it rests.

In an openly polemical fashion, Vattel often linked such backwardness with reason of state, or amoral policy, in the international Edition: In short, all these affairs being solely a national concern, no foreign power has a right to interfere in them, nor ought to intermeddle with them otherwise than by its good offices, unless requested to do it, or induced by particular reasons.

The book was translated from the French by William Cobbett. But the examples often prove only the abuse of power, not the right.

The Law of Nations – Wikipedia

When the subjects of the United Provinces established themselves in the Indies on the ruin of their enemies the Portuguese, individual merchants would not have dared to think of such an arduous enterprise; and the state itself, wholly taken up with the defence of its liberty against the Spaniards, had not the memerich of attempting it.


Of political, fundamental, and civil laws.

The sovereign, thus clothed with the public authority, with every thing that constitutes the moral personality of the nation, of course becomes bound by the obligations of that nation, and invested with its rights. Since men are naturally equal, and a perfect equality prevails in their rights and obligations, as equally proceeding from nature,—nations composed of men, and considered as so many free persons living together in the state of nature, are naturally equal, and inherit from nature the same obligations and rights.

The sovereign, thus clothed with the public authority, with every thing that constitutes the moral personality of the nation, of course becomes bound by the obligations of that nation, and invested with its rights.

Thus, with new views of life, and the content springing from the full employment of the aspiring mind of man, and under the influence of renewed hope, the bad, the idle, and the turbulent may be rendered useful members of society. But it is asked, what is to be done if the people are divided? The exile and the banished man have a right to live some.

Online Library of Liberty

The fundamental regulation that determines the manner in which the public authority is to be executed, is what forms the constitution of the state. The Germanic nations introduced another custom — that of requiring homage from a state either vanquished, or too weak to make resistance.

The fickleness of the Athenians was ever inimical to the happiness of the republic, and at length proved fatal to that liberty of which they were so jealous, without knowing, how to enjoy it. A country possessed bv several nations at the fame time ibid 96 A country possessed by a private person ibid 97 Independent families in a country ib Obligation to carry on foreign trade. This would be falling back into the state of nature, and rendering government impossible.

Adam Smith, in his Wealth of Nations, book iv.

A FTER these observations nationx the constitution of the state, let us now proceed to the principal objects of a good government.

Internet URLs are the best. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: All these branches of knowledge are necessary to enable them to govern properly. The object of the present Editor has, therefore, been to collect and condense, in numerous notes, the modern rules and decisions, and to fortify the positions in the text by references to other authors of eminence, and by which he hopes that this edition will be found of more practical utility, without interfering with the text, or materially increasing its size.


The law of nations is the science which teaches the rights subsisting between nations or states, and the obligations correspondent to those rights. Definition of the law of nations. This would be a much more certain method than the order of birth.

Emmeirch is translated here in English for the first time.

Goodness, friendship, gratitude, are still virtues on the throne; and would to God they were always to thr found there! All these branches of knowledge are necessary to enable them to govern properly.

Providence occasionally bestows on the world kings and ministers whose minds are impressed with this great truth. It appears then, by parity of reasoning, that a nation may change the constitution of the state by a majority of voles; and whenever emmercih is nothing in this change that can be considered as contrary to the act of civil association, or to the intention of those united under it, the whole are bound to conform to the resolution of the majority.

Was Mariana disposed to insult the understandings of his readers, or only desirous of throwing a slight varnish over the detestable doctrine contained in that chapter? The perfect right is that which is accompanied by the right of compelling those who refuse to fulfil the correspondent obligation; the imperfect right is unaccompanied by that right of compulsion.

Nothing nationd this kind can be conceived llaw supposed to subsist between nations.