El Maximato. DK The Maximato took place from Solidified political system; Enfasized creation of Mexican Identity (feeling of. Maximato was a period in the historical and political development of Mexico ranging from to That period was named after Plutarco Elías Calles, who. Plutarco Elías Calles: Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican military and political leader who modernized the revolutionary armies and later became president of Mexico.

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Charles Scribner’s Sons He is honored with statues in SonoytaHermosillo, and his hometown of Guaymas. Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the…. InCalles forced Ortiz Rubio to step down because of the latter’s appointment of several anti-Callists in public functions.

He promoted the activities of the National Agricultural Credit Bank. Cambridge University Presspp. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Calles had once been the candidate of the workers, and at one point had used Communist unions in his campaign against competing labor organizers; but later, having acquired wealth and engaging in finance, suppressed Communism. Officially, afterCalles served as minister of war, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero Warbut a few months later after the intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrow the Mexican government and the cristeros signed a peace treaty.

He promoted university education, establishing Sonora’s state university.

El Maximato by Diego Kafati on Prezi

He promoted that the workers had housing and even had housing built for workers. This name uses Spanish naming customs: Haynes, “Order and Progress: Officially, afterhe served as minister of war, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War, but a few months later, after intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrow, the Mexican government and the Cristeros signed a peace treaty.


Supporter of cooperativism, considering it as a means for the national wealth to be distributed more evenly, he motioned before the Honorable Congress of the Union the issuance of the Cooperatives Act. Sheffield, was replaced with Dwight Morrow. He named Calles head of the Minister of the Interior. During the Maximato, Calles became increasingly authoritarian. This name uses Spanish naming customs: During the next six years a period known as the MaximatoCalles exercised behind-the-scenes control over Mexican politics through the actions of three presidents who were essentially his puppets.

He lived in California untilwhen he was permitted to return to Mexico. President of Mexico — Maximatl of Mexico — La Reforma Reform War French intervention. Calles changed Mexico’s civil code to give natural illegitimate children the same rights as those born of married parents, partly as a reaction against the problems he himself often had encountered being a child of unmarried parents.

Abelardo L. Rodríguez

Henceforth, the “official” party of the revolutionary regime served as the dominant political organization in the country and em primary dispenser of official patronage. Madero inOrtiz Rubio was elected to the federal legislature mexixo a representative from Michoacan. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: He entered and quickly climbed up the military ladder due to his character, work ethic, intelligence and bravery.


A History of Modern Mexico, — Mexico managed to avoid war through a series of diplomatic maneuvers. It was the institutionalized way for Calles’s faction to control presidential succession.

Plutarco Elías Calles

In his last years, he reportedly became interested in Spiritualism. The Mexican government violently persecuted the clergy, massacring suspected Cristeros and their supporters. The presidents and their respective mandates are the following:. Huerta was ousted in by several revolutionary factions, and the Federal Army collapsed with that defeat. Views Read Edit View history. Pani also managed to achieve relief of part of Mexico’s foreign debt. In those six years the more radical aspects of the revolution were methodically curbed.

Cambridge University Pressp. Appointed secretary mexjco commerce, labour, and industry in maxiamto cabinet of Pres. It became a national party, designed to exist as an institution rather than a coalition that came into being only during elections, and was successful in elections for local, state, and national offices.

Emilio Portes Gil was interim president following the assassination, and new elections were set for The History and Politics of Counterinsurgencyp. Mexico and the United States.

Ortiz Rubio resigned in Septemberin protest at Calles’s continued wielding of power. Ambassador Dwight Morrow in which the Cristeros agreed to lay down their arms. The Constitutionalist faction went on to defeat rival revolutionary factions.

Cambridge University Presspp.