DECRETO DE (Diciembre 30) Diario Oficial No. parcialmente la prevención y el manejo de los residuos o desechos peligrosos generados en el. Según el Decreto de , un Residuo o Desecho Peligroso es aquel residuo sistema de gestión de residuos peligrosos generados en la Universidad. Teniendo en cuenta el decreto del del manejo de Residuos Peligrosos (RESPEL.) responda las siguientes preguntas y enviar sus respectivas.

Author: Gajin Memuro
Country: Namibia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 27 August 2009
Pages: 336
PDF File Size: 14.67 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.26 Mb
ISBN: 187-4-32346-487-4
Downloads: 28179
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zuludal

Chromium precipitation Difficulty in adjusting the pH to 8. Email the author Login required. The mechanical resistance and leaching tests suggested the applicability of residual biosorbent for preparing bricks due to the low leachate concentration and high compression resistance.

In the case of sample 2whose initial Cr VI concentration was mg. The analysed samples produced Hg concentrations of less than 0. The pH was adjusted to 8. Chemical precipitation The sequence of Ag, Hg, and Cr ion precipitation was carried out as follows. The objective of this study was to present an efficient and environmentally sound methodology for treating COD residues generated in environmental analysis labs. The mixture was stirred for 2 h, precipitated sludge volume was measured with an Imhoff cone and the supernatant was measured for final Hg concentration.

Difficulty in adjusting the pH to 8. Journal of Functional Foods.

decreto 4741 de 2005 pdf

Student,Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. A settling time of 24 h was necessary to obtain a clear supernatant and a compact sludge. Indian Society of Education and Environment No: The sludge generated in each precipitation step was dehydrated at room temperature.

L -1 Cr VI concentration was obtained for sample 1 in 33 minutes Sludge having the residue’s characteristics was produced during each precipitation stage. Most metals tend to be more available dissolved at acid pH and, in the case of Cr IIIincreased solution alkalinity decreases mobility,precipitating as chromium hydroxide.

Hexavalent chromium induces oxidative stress and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in isolated skin fibroblasts of Indo-Pacific hump back dolphin.


L -1 for samples 1, 2 and 3, respectively. After decreasing Cr VI concentration, COD residue treatment is carried out through a series of precipitation reactions in which an insoluble salt is formed from the ions present.


In this work, banana peels biomass is employed as biosorbent for hexavalent chromium uptake. Adsorption is considered a promising technique to remove these pollutants from aqueous solution. Precipitation tests decretto ferric chloride FeCl 3 were carried out to improve the quality of the supernatant and decrease precipitation time.

A considerable amount of suspended solids were observed during this experiment. How to cite this article. Electrochemical reduction of hexavalent chromium on titania nanotubes with urea as ananolyte additive.

Cr VI was chemically reduced by adding mg. The increase in Fe concentration during Hg precipitation as observed in Figure 5 was related to the reactive used to precipitate Hg. The filtrated upper layer from the mercury precipitation, diluted with the optimal ratio found in the previous experiment, was subjected to a jar test to determine optimal FeCl 3 dosage. L-1 of glucose to Cr III. Article Tools Print this article.

However,Cr III precipitation with sodium hydroxide NaOH produces heat due to the exothermic reaction and edcreto gases thereby requiring strict safety measures. Although COD is an extremely useful analysis, it produces a liquid residue which is considered hazardous and harmful to the environment due to low pH values and high silver Agmercury Hg and chromium Cr concentration Hendrickson et al.

Adsorption kinetics of Cr VI using modified residual biomass in batch and continuous system.

It was observed in each dilution that the particles Cr hydroxides coalesced more at pH values near to 8. Materials and Methods The liquid residues from COD analysis used in this study were obtained from the Universidad del Valle’s Sanitary and Environmental Engineering Department’s environmental technology lab sample 1watier and environmental residues lab sample 2 and environmental chemistry lab sample3.

Indian Journal of Science and Technology. Novel cross linked chitosan for enhanced adsorption of hexavalent chromium in acidic solution. Sorption-desorption cycles were performed in order to analyze the biosorbent peliggosos life. Environmental Technology and Innovation.

Its wastes are considered hazardous due to the content of metals such as Cr, Ag and Hg; treating these wastes is considered complex and expensive. Contamination with heavy metal ions has been recognized an important issue that require alternatives to be faced. This step allowed selecting the best dilution that produced the lowest Cr III concentration in the shortest precipitation time and in safe operational conditions due mainly to the high temperatures produced by adding NaOH.


Biosorption and biotrans formation of hexavalent chromium [Cr VI ]: Removal of toxic metals from industrial sludge by fixing in brick structure. Once chromium had been reduced, 2 g of sodium chloride NaCI per litre fecreto residue was added to the solution and stirred for 10 minutes.

decreto de by Yeka Fabra on Prezi

Journal of Hazardous Materials. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. The jar tests’ dosages and operational conditions are shown in Table 2. Treatment of COD analysis liquid wastes generated in environmental laboratories. The cost was mainly attributed to the reactants used eesiduos and precipitation agent and the solidifycation and disposal of the solid residue so produced.

All the dr of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The cost involved in the chemical treatment can become significantly reduced by using readily available reactants due to their common use in chemical analysis. The reaction time in which maximum Cr VI reduction was achieved varied and depended on several factors such as the samples’ source. Mercury precipitation Hg 10 g of iron sulphide FeS per litre of residue was added to the free Ag ions in the supernatant.

L -1 NaOH dosages producing a white layer in the bottom of the flasks, indicating that the amount of caustic soda was higher than rdsiduos theoretically required to form the insoluble chromium hydroxides.