Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video. View Condicionamiento Clasico y Operante from BIOLOGY at National University College. Nombre: _Digmarie Rivera Torres_ Fecha.

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SEMANA 3. Condicionamiento clásico y operante – Aprendizaje y memoria

Cada vez que Marta se queja de dolor de cabeza, su madre la dice que descanse y hace por ella las conficionamiento de la casa que le tocaban a Marta. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

In general, the second experiment shows that “correct” answers, to letter string problems, significantly decreases after subjects have been reinforced for producing different correct answers. The aim and progress of psychology and other sciences. Programas simples de reforzamiento: Figure 5 shows the condicionamienyo probability of producing a correct answer in the last twelve problems for all subjects and experimental conditions. One possibility could be to attempt to replicate the results reported by Herrnstein regarding response allocation in concurrent condiciohamiento.

Figure 2 shows the average effects of practice, on both solution time and “correct” answers.

In general Pulido’s findings agreed with those produced by Burns, however Pulido’s results also showed that slight procedural variations for instance changing the model letter sequence”vaporized” all evidence of analogical transfer. Table 2 shows the groups in the first columns; the regression equation is shown on the third column and the statistical significance of the slope cladico shown on the fourth column.

A total of 79 undergraduate students from a university from Mexico City participated in the study; both male and female students were recruited. Future studies may help develop this issue. The experimental literature on letter string problem solving based on a cognitive approach has produced mainly negative findings; additionally results have shown poor or nonexistent external validity see Pulido et al for a review.

General Discussion Experiment 1 showed that letter string problem solving is significantly impaired by the punishment of correct answers; it also showed that the deleterious effects of punishment increase with exposure to the experimental procedures; practice also increases the probability of producing a correct answer in at least one experimental condition.


In contrast with the consistently decreasing effects observed with solution times, the average number of “correct” responses varied across groups.

In the first experiment correct answers could be reinforced, punished, ignored, randomly reinforced or presented without a previous example. Perhaps this possibility could be assessed in a new study where the manipulations used in the first experiment are replicated using the problems in the first experimental condition. One possibility would suggest that, at some point during the last thirty years, the scientists interested in this phenomenon have forgotten that the establishment of an analogy is basically a learning process.

Results showed the probability of producing a correct answer significantly decreased when reinforcement contingencies changed. Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article.

If the subject gave the “correct” response to the problem, the experimenter said “very good, your condiciojamiento is correct;” if the answer was “incorrect,” the experimenter said “your answer is incorrect, please use a different strategy. The procedure used in the second experiment was very similar to that employed in both experimental groups in experiment one.

Thus, the data produced in the present study represent a substantial increase in the percentage of correct responses produced so far.

A total of 15 participants solved booklet one; booklet two was also solved by 15 participants; booklet three condicionwmiento solved by eleven participants and the last booklet was solved by 16 participants. Junio 11, Revisado: Ponce and Montserrat Rebolledo. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. Condicionamieto lo hay, se llama espera limitada.


Journal of Experimental Psychology: Send the link below via email or IM. Please log in to add your comment.

Cancel Reply 0 characters used from the allowed. Figure codnicionamiento shows cumulative success for each subject in each experimental condition. Constrain to simple back and condicionamifnto steps. For further references in this text Codicionamiento Specifically, subjects were reinforced to produce a particular answer during 12 consecutive problems; when presented with the thirteenth problem, subjects were reinforced for producing a different answer.


En general, los consecuentes que aumentan la conducta se llaman reforzadores o refuerzos, y los que disminuyen la conducta se llaman castigos Figura 3. The average number of successful responses in the second experimental condition, initiates at relatively low values, but gradually climbs to an average of just above 8 correct responses.

The second control condition was identical to the second experimental condition with the exception that the subjects received inverse reinforcement. Houston, we have a problem!

Condicionamiento Operante I: Elementos Básicos

Figure 4 shows the average number of correct responses of all experimental subjects for each problem and each experimental condition. The control group was required to solve a problem that was unrelated to the test item. Although the operant effects documented in the first experiment are quite modest, experiment two shows unambiguously that the reinforcement of a conndicionamiento answer hinders the acquisition of a new one, in the fashion described by Nevin in the behavioral momentum model.

Constrain to simple back and forward steps. The matching of response strategy frequency to obtained reinforcement frequency would make a strong case for an operant conditioning account of letter string problem solving. A firewall is blocking access to Prezi content. Impact of superficial similarity in the application phase of analogical problem solving.

Si Pepe pega a su hermano su madre le deja una semana sin ver la TV. A total of 57 undergraduate students from an university from Mexico City participated in the study; both male and female students were recruited. Es decir, a consecuencia de emitir la conducta de pegar algo apetitivo para el ver la tele desaparece.

Figure three condicinoamiento that those experimental conditions where reinforcement contingencies remained stable produced homogeneous and continuous improvement in letter string problem solving.