The Hortensius was a ‘protreptic’ dialogue written by Cicero. The protreptic was a genre of ancient philosophical literature that aimed to exhort the reader to the. One of the most extensive resources on the internet for the study of early Christianity. “Augustine on how he was influenced by reading Cicero’s Hortensius”. Hortensius or On Philosophy is a lost dialogue written by Marcus Tullius Cicero in the year 45 BC. The work had followed the conventional form of a protreptic.

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The dialogue—which is named after Cicero’s friendly rival and associate, [nb 1] the speaker and politician Quintus Hortensius Hortalus —took the form of a protreptic. After Hortensius argues that oratory is the greatest art, Cicero “appeal[s] as earnestly as [he can] for the study of philosophy”. While the dialogue was extremely popular in Classical Antiquity, the dialogue only survived into the sixth century AD before it was lost.

Today, it is extant in the fragments preserved by the prose writer Martianus Capellathe grammarians Maurus Servius Honoratus and Nonius Marcellusthe early Christian author Lactantiusand the Church Father Augustine of Hippo the latter of whom explicitly credits the Hortensius with encouraging him to study the tenets of philosophy. Just before composing the HortensiusCicero experienced many hardships. This last event shook him to his core, and in a letter to his friend Titus Pomponius Atticushe wrote, “I have lost the one thing that bound me to life.

The Hortensius was a protreptic dialogue that is “hortatory literature that calls the audience to a new and different way of life”based on Greek models. Catulus admires the sculptures on display in Lucullus’s home, and Hortensius praises the skill behind the art. This discussion quickly becomes one about otium Latin for leisurewhich Hortensius describes as “not those things which demand a great intellectual effort” quibus intedam rebus animumbut rather “those through which the mind can ease and rest sed quibus relaxem ac remittam.


Lucullus critiques this opinion, arguing that the study of history is the best use of otium. Hortensius then declares that oratory is the greatest of the arts. Catulus counters by reminding Hortensius of the boons philosophy grants. Conventionally, it is held that in writing his HortensiusCicero made use of Aristotle’s Protrepticus.

Hortensius (Cicero)

The German philologist Jakob Bernays was the first scholar to suggest that the Protrepticus inspired Cicero. This, he contended, was additional proof that Cicero depended upon Aristotle. This hypothesis is not without its detractors.

Rabinowitz argued that the Hortensius was not based strictly ccero the Protrepticus but was rather written in the general hortatory and protreptic style then, as the philosopher and historian Anton-Hermann Chroust puts it, “much in vogue.

The Hortensius was renowned and popular in early and late antiquity[38] and it likely inspired a number of Roman thinkers, like the silver age authors Seneca the Younger and Tacitusthe early Christian writer Lactantiusand the early medieval philosopher Boethius. The work moved him deeply, [37] [43] and in both his Confessions and De beata vita he wrote that the book engendered in him an intense interest in philosophy and the pursuit of wisdom.

But while it was popular for a time, the Hortensius survived only until around the sixth century AD, after which it was lost. There have been several works of scholarship regarding Cicero’s Hortensius. Inthe first standard critical hortennsius of the fragments was the Teubner edition of Cicero Pt. IIIedited by C. InOtto Plasberg wrote a dissertation on the fragments.

In it, Plasberg provides a hypothesized order to the fragments, and supplies a Latin introduction and commentary. InMichel Ruch produced a fifty-three page thesis covering the influences, the date hortensiua composition, and structure of the Hortensiuswhile also examining its later influences and ultimate disappearance.

In addition, the work reorganizes the fragments and provides each one with a French translation and commentary. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rabinowitz, argue it simply meant that Cicero wrote in the general protreptic style.

Hortensius | work by Cicero |

Michel Ruch is even more conservative when he argues that only 94 fragments can be identified with certainty. Retrieved August 8, Yonge, Charles Duke, ed. New York City, NY: Retrieved July 13, A History and Reconstruction ] in French. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved December 21, Collins, Hortebsius Henderson The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle.


Dacre Balson, John P. Retrieved July 14, Eder, Walter; Strothmann, Meret Salazar; Manfred Landfester; Francis G. Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity Volumes.

Retrieved February 12, Augustine Through the Ages: S; Johnson, Monte, eds. Retrieved August 9, The Philosophical Books of Cicero.

A Note on Fragment 43 Grilli”. A Philosopher for Our Time ] in French. Aristotle’s Protrepticus and the Sources of its Reconstruction.

AUGNET : Cicero 01

University of California Publications in Classical Philology. University of California Press. Encyclopedia of Women in the Ancient World.

Letter Writing in Greco-Roman Cicedo. The Death of Caesar: Hortenxius, John Hammond Histoire Et Reconstitution “. The American Journal of Philology. Augustine and the ‘Hortensius’ of Cicero”. Terentia, Cicefo and Publilia: The Women of Cicero’s Family.

Personal life Political career Writings. Retrieved from ” https: Philosophical works by Cicero. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 26 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Cicero’s exhortation was the advice ‘not to study one particular sect but to love and seek and pursue and hold fast and strongly embrace wisdom itself, wherever found. If one reads Aristotle, a great effort of mind is required to undo his complexities.

The book changed my feelings. It altered my prayers, Lord, to be towards yourself.

It gave me different values and priorities. Augustine on Hortensius [37]. Library resources about Hortensius Cicero.

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. Political De Imperio Cn.