Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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Pasturas Tropicales11 Tripping of flowers, usually by large insects such as bumblebees, is required for seed-setting. Despite the legume’s adaptation to moderately fertile to infertile soils, it responds well to maintenance fertilization with these nutrients.

Centrosema macrocarpum

With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed at Quilichao, Colombia. See Terms of Use for details. The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements. It is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends to decline under intensive grazing. Stems pilose macgocarpum greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base. In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. Flower and immature pods.

Because of the large degree of outcrossing, plant populations within a given ecotype can show considerable variation. Stylosanthes capitataS. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing.


Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds. Seeds transversely oblong to rectangular, on average 5 mm x 3 mm, yellowish-brownish or black, plain, mottled or marbled. Fertilization with P and K enhances establishment of C.

When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C. Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed. It tolerates moderate shade. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C.

Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available. Amcrocarpum of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C.

It is suitable for cut-and-carry systems and can also be used cenrrosema ground cover in plantation agriculture.

Scientific name

Warm season growth only. Views Read View source View history. As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before.

Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at macrocsrpum nodes in some genotypes. Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass macrpcarpum the provision of support for plants to climb up.


A twining perennial with dehiscent pods. Because of its adaptation to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C. As yet, no cultivar has been released. Click on images to enlarge. This page was last modified on 28 Aprilcentroswma Grasses suitable for association with C.

The main use of C. Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams. Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.

Centrosema macrocarpum – Vines & Climbers, C

Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and of low available P.

Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn.