Mohammad Abdullah Enan is the author of Biografi Ibnu Khaldun ( avg rating, 79 ratings, 9 reviews, published ) and Decisive Moments in the Histor . BIOGRAFI ABDUL RAHMAN BIN MUHAMMAD BIN KHALDUN (IBN KHALDUN) SERTA KARYA AGUNG BELIAU AL-MUQADDIMAH. ULISAN ini meneliti secara deskriptif kronologi biografi Ibnu Khaldun. Bertujuan untuk memperkenalkan tokoh tersohor ini supaya idea-idea penting beliau.

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From other sources we know of several other works, primarily composed during the time he spent in North Africa and Al-Andalus. Umar Ibn Al Khattab 2 Volumes. His Life and Works Muslim Heritage”. Altogether, he was called six times to that high office, which, for various reasons, he never held long.

Rencana berkenaan biografi ini ialah rencana tunas. Some of Ibn Khaldun’s views, particularly those concerning the Zanj people of sub-Saharan Africa, [27] have been cited as a racist[28] though they were not uncommon for their time. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ibn Khaldun juga mempercayai bahawa perkara yang di kurniakan Allah boleh dibuktikan secara empirikal secara pengalaman dan kajian.

His family, which held many high offices in Andalusiahad emigrated to Tunisia after the fall of Seville to the Reconquista in AD Public recognition of Ibn Khaldun has increased in recent years. He received a classical Islamic educationstudying the Qur’anwhich he memorized by heartArabic linguistics ; the basis for understanding the Qur’an, hadithsharia law and fiqh jurisprudence.

Ibn Khaldun

At the beginning, people will look for different ways of increasing productivity of basic needs and expansion will occur. He also suggested that possibly more divisions will appear in the future with different societies.

Even in the times when Berbers were ruling, the reigns of Al-Marabats biotrafi al-Mowahids, et. Deen Science under Islam: The Mediterranean in the 14th Century: Bollingen Foundation Series xliii. Ibn Khaldun believed that too much bureaucracy, such as taxes and legislations, would lead to the decline of a society, since it would constrain the development of more specialized labor increase in scholars and development of different services.


Ibn Khaldun outlines an early example of political economy [ dubious — discuss ]. But nothing in these sources or, indeed, in any known Greek or Latin author can explain his deep insight into social phenomena, his firm grasp of the links binding the innumerable and apparently unrelated events that constitute the process of historical and social change. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Historiography Sociology Economics Demography Political science. He received certification ijazah for all of those subjects.


Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our biograti. He attempted to standardize the history of societies by identifying ubiquitous phenomena present in all societies. One last point should be made regarding his basic philosophy of history.

The cyclic view in various cultures population growth In population: Merriam-Webster’s Encyclopedia of World Religions. More moderate views on the scope of Ibn Khaldun’s contributions have emerged. After an exchange of gifts with Timur, he headed southward but was robbed and stripped by a band of Bedouin and only with difficulty made his way to the coast.

Philosophers by century CE. Sila bantu dalam memperbaiki rencana ini dengan menambahkan rujukan ke sumber-sumber yang boleh dipercayai.

In his work the Muqaddimah, Ibn Khaldun emphasizes human beings’ faculty to think fikr as what determines human behavior and ubiquitous patterns. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Laman ini diubah buat kali terakhir pada Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

He was the first to systematically analyze the functioning of an economy, the importance of technology, specialization and foreign trade in economic surplus and the role of government and its stabilization policies to increase output and employment. Nonetheless, he didn’t think that laws were chosen by just one leader or a small group of individual but mostly by the majority of the individuals of a society.


Ibn Khaldun argued that without the strong establishment of an educational tradition, it would be very difficult for the new generations to maintain the achievements of the earlier generations, let alone improve them.

Such a task, however, required frequent reference to other books and archives; this, together perhaps with nostalgia for the more active world of politics, drew him back to city life. Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Empires”. A society in its earliest stages is nomadic and primarily concerned with survival, while a society at a later stage is sedentary, with greater achievement in crafts.

He further classified the non-religious sciences into intellectual sciences such as logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, etc.

Ibnu Khaldun

The Award was named after Ibn Inbu for him being universally acknowledged as the Father of Sociology and also for the convergence of his ideas with the organization’s objectives and programs. Atlas Economic Research Foundation. The epistemology of Ibn Khaldun. Their Historic Meeting in Damascus, A. He believed that bureaucrats cannot understand the world of commerce and do not possess the same motivation as a businessman.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ibn Khaldun’s epistemology attempted to reconcile mysticism with theology by dividing science into two different categories, the religious science that ihaldun the sciences of the Qur’an and the non-religious science.