Fossatum Africae: recherches aériennes sur l’organisation des confins sahariens à l’époque romaine. Front Cover. Jean Lucien Baradez. Arts et métiers. Fossatum Africae (“African ditch”) is a linear defensive structure (limes) claimed to Ideas on the purpose of the Fossatum have evolved since Baradez’ time. This feature was rediscovered in by Jean Baradez, a retired French Air Force pilot and described in great detail in his book, Fossatum Africae.

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All trademarks and web sites that appear throughout this site are the property of their respective owners. Cirta, also known by various other names in antiquity, was the ancient Berber and Roman settlement which later became Constantine, Algeria.

It was significant that the Emperors residence remained in Ravenna until the overthrow of the last western Roman Emperor in History There is only a single mention of the Fossatum as such in historical literature prior to the 20th century. Consequently, it is not known with certainty when the Varadez was constructed.

The polity was divided between Massylii in the east and Masaesyli in the west.

Generally the Fossatum consists of a ditch and earth embankments on either side using the material from the ditch. Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President sinceBerbers are the indigenous inhabitants of Algeria.

This occurs in a letter written by the co-emperors Honorius and Theodosius II to Gaudentius, the vicarius Africaeinand preserved in the Codex Theodosianus. The History of Algeria from to includes the period starting with preparations for independence and the aftermath of the independence war with France in the s to the Civil War and the presidential election.

Jugurtha topic Jugurtha or Jugurthen c. Similar structures have been found in other North African regions, including the fossatum found at Bou Regreg in Morocco. Member feedback about Battle of Cirta: North Africa also includes a number of Spanish possessions, the Canary Islands and Madeira in the North Atlantic Ocean northwest of the African mainland are included in considerations of the region.


Originally the word fossatum simply meant ditchbut over time it came to also mean a fort protected by a ditch, or basically any fortified place.

Fossatum Africae – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia

After the murder of his brother by Jugurtha, Adherbal fled to Rome and was restored to his share of the kingdom by the Romans inwith Jugurtha ruling his brother’s former share. List of town walls in England and Wales. Member feedback about List of archaeological sites by country: There also appears to be a km. During the Ottoman period, Algiers was the center of the Barbary slave trade which led to many naval conflicts.

Utica, Tunisia topic Utica was an ancient Phoenician and Carthaginian city located near the outflow of the Medjerda River into the Mediterranean, between Carthage in the south and Hippo Diarrhytus present-day Bizerte in the north. Ruins of Dougga’s World Heritage Site. Some parts of section of the wall survive to a height of 3 m.

Member feedback about Sand War: Nomadswhich by Latin interpretation became “Numidae” but cf.

Fossatum Africae

This conclusion is based on the similarities with Hadrian’s Wall in Britain and with what is known about Hadrian ‘s concern to protect the Empire. It would later become the capital of the Empire for over afrlcae thousand years and his more immediate political legacy was that, in leaving the empire to his sons, he replaced Diocletians tetrarchy with the principle of dynastic succession. Optatus tells he had a dispute with Secundus of Tigisis,[4] who charged him as a murder,[5] baardez charge he admitted.

Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent and it is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. The Neolithic Subpluvial was the foossatum recent of a number of periods of “Wet Sahara” or “Green Sahara”, during which the Sahara region was much moister and supported a richer biota and human population than the present-day desert. Thought to measure kilometers or more, the linear defensive structure known as Fossatum Africae was built during the rule of the Roman Empire as a measure to both defend and control the southern borders of its interests in North Africa.


Critics portrayed him as a tyrant, trends in modern and recent scholarship attempted to balance the extremes of previous scholarship. Whereas Baradez was a military man, and World War II just having finished with the military use of ditches very much in mind, [9] the military aspect of the Fossatum was emphasized.

His resultant book, with many aerial and ground photographs, remains the standard work of reference. After the death of the long-lived Masinissa around BC, he was succeeded by his son Micipsa, Hiempsal and Jugurtha quarrelled immediately after the death of Micipsa.

At the time of his death Micipsa had three potential heirs, his two sons, Adherbal and Hiempsal I, He followed up the aerial work with traverses on the ground and excavations at many sites along its route.

Baradez also postulated a pulse of construction during the reign of Gordian III in the 3rd century, and finally abandonment of the Fossatum in after the Vandal invasion. History of Algeria topic Much of the history of Algeria has taken place on the fertile coastal plain of North Africa, which is often called the Maghreb or Maghrib.

Member feedback about Purpurius: The Frankish king Charlemagne was a devout Catholic and maintained a close relationship with the papacy throughout his life. Limes Mauretaniae topic The Limes Mauretaniae was a Roman frontier territory in Africa and a defense line approximately kilometers south of the avricae day Algiers.

This division took into account local influences and history, especially on the tribal level.