Los polioles, también llamados polialcoholes o alcoholes química se parece en parte a la de los azúcares y en parte a la de los alcoholes. Sugar alcohols are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur. El Xylitol es un compuesto perteneciente a un grupo denominado “alcoholes de azúcar” o polioles. Se encuentra en la naturaleza en muchas.

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Yale New Haven Health. Despite the variance in food energy content of sugar alcohols, EU labeling requirements assign a blanket value of 2.

Both disaccharides and monosaccharides can form sugar alcohols; however, azuacres alcohols derived from disaccharides e. With continued use, most people develop a degree of tolerance to sugar alcohols and no longer experience these symptoms. Their flavor is like sucrose, and they can be used alcoboles mask the unpleasant aftertastes of some high intensity sweeteners.

They are further differentiated by the relative orientation stereochemistry of these OH groups. Xylitol and lactitol are obtained similarly.

Retrieved from ” https: They can however be dehydrated to give cyclic ethers, e. The cooling sensation is due to the dissolution of the sugar alcohol being an poliiles heat-absorbing reaction [1]one with a strong heat of solution. Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Most have five- or six-carbon chains, because they are derived from pentoses five-carbon sugars and hexoses six-carbon sugarsrespectively.


Sugar alcohols are not metabolized by oral bacteria, and so they do not contribute to tooth decay.

Xylitol, un sustituto del azúcar que ayuda a prevenir las caries

Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: In addition to their sweetness, some sugar alcohols can produce a noticeable cooling sensation in the mouth when highly concentrated, for instance in sugar-free hard candy pollioles chewing gum. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur naturally or azucarea produced industrially from sugars. More than a million tons of sorbitol are produced in this way every year. The sugar alcohols differ in chain length.

Sugar alcohols are usually incompletely absorbed into the blood stream from the small intestine which generally results in a smaller change in blood glucose than “regular” sugar sucrose.

This happens, for example, with the crystalline phase of sorbitolerythritolxylitolmannitollactitol and maltitol. Ethylene glycol [ citation needed ]. Unlike sugars, which tend to exist as rings, sugar alcohols do not.

Sugar alcohol

Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol 6-carbon Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; a cyclic sugar alcohol Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol.

This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Erythritol on the other hand is obtained by fermentation of glucose and sucrose. The table above presents the relative sweetness and food energy of the most widely used sugar alcohols. They have one OH group attached to each carbon.

Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Retrieved January 6, Today, they are often obtained by poliolee of sugars, using Raney nickel catalysts. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sugar alcohols. Mannitol Sorbitol Galactitol Iditol.


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This property makes them popular sweeteners among diabetics and people on low-carbohydrate diets. Views Read Edit View history. Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon.

Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol. The Everything Diabetes Bookp. Sugar alcohols also called polyhydric alcoholsazhcaresalditols or glycitols are organic compoundstypically derived from sugarsthat comprise a class of polyols. They are used widely in the food industry as thickeners and sweeteners.

Studies have shown xylitol to be a deterrent to tooth decay.

In commercial foodstuffs, sugar alcohols are commonly used in place of table sugar sucroseoften in combination with high intensity artificial sweeteners to counter the low sweetness. Xylitol and sorbitol are popular sugar alcohols in commercial foods. Food containing xylitol increased bone density in rat studies. A Practical Handbookp. These results have generated interest in the sugar alcohol that would examine if poliooles could be a human treatment for osteoporosis.

As poliolse group, sugar alcohols are not as sweet as sucroseand they have slightly less food energy than sucrose. Sugar alcohols do not contribute to tooth decay.

Retrieved 6 January From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.