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Later scholars accepted their testimony of the words and deeds of Muhammad, the occasions on which the Quran was revealed and various important matters of Islamic history and practice. The testimony of the companions, as it was passed down through trusted chains of narrators isnadswas the basis of the developing Islamic tradition. From the traditions hadith of the life of Muhammad and his companions are drawn the Muslim way of life sunnahthe code of conduct sharia it requires, and the jurisprudence fiqh by which Muslim communities should be regulated.
The two sahaaba Islamic denominationsthe Sunni and Shiatake different approaches in weighing the value of the companions’ testimony, have different hadith collections and, as a result, have different views about the Sahabah. The most widespread definition of a companion is someone who met Muhammad, believed in him and died as a Muslim.
So, that includes the one who remained with him for a long or a short time, and those who narrated from him and those who did not, and those who saw him but did not sit with him and those who could not see him due to blindness”. Anyone who died after rejecting Islam and becoming an xahaba is not considered as a companion. Shia Muslims make no distinction between these as regards their trustworthiness.
Aqwal E Sahaba
However, scholars like Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and Amin Ahsan Islahi state that not every individual who met or had accidentally seen Muhammad can be considered as a Companion. In their view, the Quran has outlined a high level of faith as one of the distinctive qualities of the Sahabah. Hence, they admit to this sahxba only those individuals who had substantial contact with Muhammad, lived with him, and took part in his campaigns and efforts at proselytizing.
Lists of prominent companions sahbaa run to 50 or 60 names, being the people most closely associated with Aqwap. There were 10, by the time Mecca was conquered and 70, during the Battle of Tabouk in Some Muslims assert that they were more thanin number: Two important groups among the companions are called the Muhajirun or “exiles”—those who had faith in Muhammad when he began to preach in Mecca who fled with him when he was persecuted there—and the Ansar —people of Medina who welcomed Muhammad and his sahaa and stood as their protectors.
Chapter sura 9 of the Quran “Repentance” At-Tawbaverse ayah says. The vanguard of Islam —the first of those who forsook their homes and of those who gave them aid, and also those who follow them in all good deeds—well-pleased is Allah with them, as are they with Him: Allah has already forgiven the Prophet and the Muhajireen and the Ansar who followed him in the hour of difficulty after the hearts of a party of them had almost inclined [to doubt], and then He forgave them.
Indeed, He was to them Kind and Merciful. The people who were Muslims at the time of Badr. They are further classified into two:. Indeed, those who have believed and emigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided – they are allies of one another. But those who believed and did not emigrate – for you there is no guardianship of them until they emigrate.
And if they seek help of you for the religion, then you must help, except against a people between yourselves and whom is a treaty. And Allah is Seeing of what you do. Quran, sura 8 Al-Anfalayah 72 . And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided.
Aqwal E Sahaba (RA) By Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal Sahar اقوال صحابہ – Best Urdu Books
And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were wqwal and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure.
Aqwal E Sahaba (RA) By Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal Sahar اقوال صحابہ
Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers—so that Allah may enrage by them the disbelievers.
Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward. The people who were Muslims before victory at Mecca and went into exile and fought for God’s cause in most of the wars. They are also high in degree, especially those who were present at Hudabiyah. They are also people that God is pleased with Arabic: They were non-Muslim at the time of victory of Mecca; after that, they were forgiven by Muhammad, then they became Muslims.
According to Sunni scholars, Muslims of the past should be considered companions if they had any contact with Muhammad, and they were not liars or opposed to him and his teachings. If they saw him, heard him, or were aawal his presence even briefly, they are companions.
All companions aqwall assumed aqwaal be just udul unless they are proven otherwise; that is, Sunni scholars do not believe that companions would lie or fabricate hadith unless they are proven liars, untrustworthy or opposed to Islam. Some Quranic references are important to Sunni Muslim views of the reverence due to all companions; sahab     .
Allah has promised you much booty that you will take [in the future] and has hastened for you this [victory] and withheld the hands of people from you – that it may be a sign for the believers and [that] He may guide sauaba to a straight path.
But those who saaba believed and emigrated and fought in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided – it is they who are the believers, truly. For them is forgiveness and noble provision. And those who believed after [the initial emigration] and emigrated and fought with you – they are of you. But those of [blood] relationship are more entitled [to inheritance] in the decree of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of all things.
And why do you not spend ashaba the cause of Allah while to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth? Not equal among you are those who spent before the conquest [of Makkah] and fought [and those who did so after it]. Those are greater in degree than they who spent afterwards and fought. But to all Allah has promised the best [reward]. And Allahwith what you do, is Acquainted.
It sometimes admonishes them, as when Aishadaughter of the first Sunni caliph Abu Bakr and the wife of Muhammad, was accused of infidelity:.
Indeed, those who came with falsehood are a group among you. Do not think it bad for you; rather it is good for you. For every person among them is what [punishment] he has earned from the sin, and he who took upon himself the greater portion sqwal – for him is a great punishment. Why, when you heard it, did not the believing men and believing women think good of one another and say, “This is an obvious falsehood”?
Why did they [who slandered] not szhaba for it four witnesses? And when they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of Allahwho are the liars. And if it had not been for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, you would have been touched for that [lie] in which you were involved by a great punishmentWhen you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you sahqba no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of Allahtremendous.
And why, when you f it, did you not say, “It aqawl not for us to speak of this. Exalted are You, [O Allah ]; this is a great slander”? And among those around you of the bedouins are hypocrites, and [also] from the people of Madinah. They have become accustomed to hypocrisy.
You, [O Muhammad], do not know them, [but] We know them. We will punish them twice [in this world]; then they will be returned to a great punishment. In view of such admonitions Shias have different views on each Sahabi, depending on what he or she accomplished.
They do not accept that the testimony of nearly all Sahabah is an authenticated part of the chain of narrators in a hadith and that not all the Sahaba were righteous just because they saw or were with Muhammad. Shias further argue [ citation needed ] that the righteousness of Sahabah can be aqwa by their loyalty towards Muhammad’s family after his death and they accept hadith from the Imams of the Ahl al-Baytbelieving them to be cleansed from sin through their interpretation of the Quran, surah 33 Al-Ahzabverse 33  and the hadith of the Cloak.
All of Muhammad’s wives are called the sahabx of the believers”:. The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers.
Blood-relations among each other have closer personal ties, in the Decree of Allah. Than the Brotherhood of Believers and Muhajirs: O Consorts of the Prophet! God only wishes to remove aqwwal abomination from you, you members of the Sahzba, and to aqsal you pure and spotless. If you fear Allahthen do not be soft in speech [to men], lest he in whose heart is disease should covet, but speak with aqwak speech.
And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance. And establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.
Shias support their argument [ where? If any of you were guilty of evident unseemly sahqba, the Punishment would be doubled to her, and that is easy for Allah.
But any of you that is devout in the service of Allah and His Messenger, and works righteousness—to her shall We grant her reward sahaa The Sunnis regard them as the Mothers of the Sahabz Arabic: The title is frequently used by scholars of the different Sunni schools of thought.
Because the hadith were not properly written down until many years after the death of Muhammad, although there were many individual written copies, the isnads, or chains of transmission, always have several links. The first link is preferably sahabaa companion, who had direct contact with Muhammad.
The second and third links in the chain of transmission were also of great interest to Muslim scholars, who treated of them in biographical dictionaries and evaluated them for bias and reliability. Sunni and Shia apply different metrics. The Prophet said, “The people of my generation are the best, then those who follow them, and then whose who follow the latter. Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger may peace be upon him as saying: The best of my Umma would be those of the generation nearest to mine.
Then those nearest to them, then those nearest to them, Sunni Muslim scholars classified companions into many categories, based on a number of criteria.
Al-Suyuti recognized eleven levels of companionship. Shia do not have a ranking system dependent on when the Sahabi embraced Islam but according to what aqwsl did during their life. Awqal a Sahabi made Muhammad angry or questioned his decision several times then he is viewed as unreliable.
Shias consider that any hadith where Muhammad is claimed to have absolved all Sahabah from sin is a false report by those who aqwla the Ahl al-Bayt.