KARACHI, Nov “Love, Longing and Death,” an anthology of English short stories by popular Sindhi fiction writer Amar Jalil has recently. Amar Jaleel Biography – – Amar Jaleel Biography and List of Works – Amar Jaleel Books. Amar Jaleel Is the author of books such as Love, Longing and Death. Amar Jaleel Qazi Abdul Jaleel (Sindhi: قاضي عبدالجليل) (born in Rohri), Wichaar, a web portal, has printed a book of Amar Jaleel’s selected stories in.
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Qazi Abdul Jaleel Sindhi: Jaleel started writing stories when he was 10 years old. He played for his NJV School and also featured briefly in first class cricket as wicketkeeper-batsman.
Amar Jaleel started his career at Radio Pakistan, Karachi before being transferred to Islamabadwhere he worked in different positions at radio and educational institutions.
Now retired, Jaleel currently resides in Karachi, Sindh, where he spends his bools time writing articles for various Pakistan newspapers, and is known as a popular columnist for Dawn and The Nation currently Working with a private regional Sindhi TV channel as anchor program class room.
As a political bools he has repeatedly returned to one theme: Some of Amar Jaleel’s best known books are:.
maar Historically home to the Sindhi people, it is locally known as the Mehran. It was formerly known as Sind untilSindh is the third largest province of Pakistan by area, and second largest province by population after Punjab.
Sindh is bordered by Balochistan province to the west, and Punjab province to the north, Sindh also borders the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to the east, and Arabian Sea to the south.
Sindhs climate is noted for hot summers and mild winters, the provincial capital of Sindh is Pakistans largest city and financial hub, Karachi. Sindh has Pakistans second largest economy with Karachi being its capital hosts the headquarters of several multinational banks. Sindh is home to a portion of Pakistans industrial sector. The remainder of Sindh has an agriculture based economy, and produces fruit, food consumer items, Sindh is also the centre of Pakistans pharmaceutical industry.
Sindh is known for its culture which is strongly influenced by Sufism. Several important Sufi shrines are located throughout the province which attract millions of annual devotees, Sindh also has Pakistans highest percentage of Hindu residents. Karachi and other centres of Sindh have seen ethnic tensions between the native Sindhis and the Muhajirs boil over into violence on several occasions.
Spelling of its name as Sind was discontinued in by an amendment passed in Sindh Assembly. When the British arrived in the 17th century in India, then ruled by the Maratha Empire, they applied the Greek version of the name Sindh to all of South Asia, calling it India.
The name of Pakistan is actually an acronym in which the letter s is derived from the first letter in Sindh, Sindhs first known village settlements date as far back as BCE. Permanent settlements at Mehrgarh, currently in Balochistan, to the west book into Sindh and this culture blossomed over several millennia and gave rise to the Indus Valley Civilization around BCE. The primitive village communities in Balochistan were still struggling against a difficult highland environment and this was one of the most developed urban civilizations of the ancient world.
Urdu — Urdu is a persianized standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, hyderabad, Rampur, Bhopal and Lucknow are noted Urdu-speaking cities of India.
Urdu is historically associated with the Muslims of the northern Indian subcontinent, apart from specialized vocabulary, Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, jalip recognized register of Hindustani. Urdu, jxlil Hindi, is a amxr of Hindustani, Urdu developed under the influence of the Persian and Arabic languages, both of which have contributed a significant amount of vocabulary to formal speech.
For instance, the Arabic ta marbuta changes to he or te, nevertheless, contrary to popular belief, Urdu did not borrow from the Jaill language, but from Chagatai. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu, Arabic influence in the region began with the late first-millennium Arab invasion of India in the 7th century. The Persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries later by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of the Delhi Sultanate.
With the advent of the British Raj, Persian was no longer the language of administration but Hindustani, still written in the Persian script, the name Urdu was first used by the poet Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi around From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was commonly known as Hindi, the language was also known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi. The communal nature of the language lasted until it replaced Persian as the language in and was made co-official.
Urdu was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian and this triggered a Brahman backlash in northwestern India, which argued that the language should be written in the native Devanagari script.
At independence, Pakistan established a highly Persianized literary form of Urdu as its national language, English jqlil exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localized wherever it is spoken, similarly, the Urdu spoken in India can also be distinguished into many dialects like Dakhni of South India, and Khariboli of the Punjab region since recent akar.
Because of Urdus similarity to Hindi, speakers of the two languages can understand one another if both sides refrain from using specialized vocabulary. The jalip, morphology, and the vocabulary are essentially identical. Thus linguists usually count them as one language and contend that they are considered as two different languages for socio-political reasons. Karachi — Karachi is the capital of Sindh, and is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan, smar well as the 7th largest in the world and the worlds second most populous city proper.
Ranked as a world city, the city is Pakistans premier industrial and financial centre. Karachi is also Pakistans most cosmopolitan city, though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city was founded as a village named Kolachi that was established as a fortified settlement in By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with a population ofImmediately following the independence of Pakistan, the population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India.
The city experienced economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan. It is also the most linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse city in Pakistan, Karachi is considered to be one of the worlds fastest growing cities, and has communities representing almost every ethnic group in Pakistan. Karachi was reputedly founded in as the settlement of Kolachi, the new settlement is said to have been named in honour of Mai Kolachi, whose son is said to have slayed a man-eating crocodile in the village after his elder brothers had already been killed by it.
The citys inhabitants are referred to by the demonym Karachiite in English, the earliest inhabitants of the Karachi jaljl are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites.
The Karachi region is believed to have known to the ancient Greeks.
The region may be the site of Krokola, where Alexander the Great once camped to prepare a fleet for Babylonia, in C. Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the Sindh and Indus Valley. The Karachi region is believed to have known to the Arabs bloks Debal.
Under Mirza Ghazi Beg the Mughal administrator of Sindh, development of amaf Sindh, under his rule, fortifications in the region acted as a bulwark against Portuguese incursions bookks Sindh.
Islamabad — Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory. The city is the seat of Pakistan and is administered by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation. Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the part of the country. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of Punjab, Islamabad was built during the s to replace Karachi as Pakistans capital.
The city is known for the presence of several parks and forests, including the Margalla Hills National Park, the city is home several landmarks, including the Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia and the fourth largest in the world.
The city has the highest cost of living in Pakistan, and its population is dominated by middle, the city is home to sixteen universities, including the Quaid-e-Azam University and NUST. The name of the city, Islamabad is derived from two words, Islam and abad, meaning City of Islam, Islam is an Arabic word which refers to the religion of Islam and -abad is a Persian place name that means inhabited place or city. Islamabad Capital Territory, located on the Pothohar Plateau of the Punjab region, is considered one of the earliest sites of settlement in Asia.
Some of the earliest Stone Age artefacts in the world have found on the plateau. Rudimentary stones recovered from the terraces of the Soan River testify to the endeavours of early man in the inter-glacial period, items of pottery and utensils dating back to prehistory have been found. Excavations have revealed evidence of a prehistoric culture, one end of the Indus Valley Civilization flourished here between the 23rd and 18th centuries Ammar.
Later the area was a settlement of the Aryan community. A Buddhist town once existed in the region, many great armies such as those of Zahiruddin Babur, Genghis Khan, Timur and Ahmad Shah Durrani used the corridor through Islamabad on their way to invade the rest of the Indian Subcontinent.
Modern Islamabad is based on the old settlement known as Saidpur, the British took control of the region from the Sikhs in and built South Asias largest cantonment in the region. When Pakistan gained independence inthe port city of Karachi was its first national capital. In the s, Islamabad was constructed as a capital for several reasons. Partition of India — The Partition of India was the division of British India in which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India and Dominion of Pakistan, the partition involved smar division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu aamar Muslim majorities.
It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions.
The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, the two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 14—15 August The violent nature of the created an atmosphere of hostility.
Boooks term partition of India does not cover the secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan innor the earlier separations of Anar and Ceylon from the administration of British India. It does not cover the incorporation of the enclaves of French India into India during the period —, nor the annexation of Goa, other contemporaneous political entities in the region inSikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, and The Maldives were unaffected by the partition.
The Hindu elite of Bengal, among many who owned land in East Bengal that was leased out to Muslim peasants. The pervasive protests against Curzons decision took the form predominantly of the Swadeshi campaign led by two-time Congress president, Surendranath Banerjee, sporadically—but flagrantly—the protesters also took to political violence that involved attacks on civilians.
The violence, however, was not effective, as most planned attacks were either preempted by the British or failed, the unrest spread from Calcutta to the surrounding regions of Bengal when Calcuttas English-educated students returned home to their villages and towns. Since Calcutta was the capital, aamr the outrage and the slogan soon became nationally known. In conjunction, they demanded proportional legislative representation reflecting both their status as rulers and their record of cooperating with the British.
This led, in Decemberto the founding of the All-India Muslim League in Dacca, although Curzon, by now, had resigned his position over a dispute with his military chief Lord Kitchener and returned to England, the League was in favour of his oboks plan.
In the three decades since that census, Muslim leaders across northern India, had intermittently experienced public animosity from some of the new Hindu political and social groups. Inwhen Tilak and Lajpat Rai attempted to rise to positions in the Congress. It was not lost on many Muslims, for example, that the rallying cry, World War I would prove to be a watershed in the imperial relationship between Britain and India.
Indias international profile would thereby rise and would continue to rise during the s, back in India, especially among the leaders of the Indian National Congress, it would lead to calls for greater self-government for Indians.
Secretary of State for India, Montagu and Viceroy Lord Chelmsford presented a report boosk July after a long fact-finding trip through India the previous winter. Its strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, the party arose out of a literary movement begun at The Aligarh Muslim University in which Syed Ahmad Khan was a central figure.
Sir Syed had founded, inthe Muhammadan Educational Conference, at its December conference jaill Dhaka, attended by 3, delegates, the conference removed the ban and adopted a resolution to form an All Indian Muslim League political party.
Its original political goal was to define and advance the Indian Muslims civil rights and to provide protection to the upper, after the partition and subsequent establishment of Pakistan, the Muslim League continued as a minor party in India where it was often part of the government. In Bangladesh, the Muslim League was revived in but it was reduced, furthermore, it was the only party to have received votes from both East and West Pakistan during the elections held in During the successive periods of Pakistan, the Muslim League continued to be a party in the different periods of Pakistan.
Quotations ~ Amar Jaleel Books and Articles
Sincethe Pakistan Muslim League split into various factions, however, the PML-N remains to be influential faction than others, and has been in power during the elections held in and in the Originally hosting the All-India Muhammadan Educational Conference in in a vision to uplift the cause for the British education especially science and literature, in turn this new awareness of Muslim needs helped stimulate a political consciousness among Muslim elites that went on to form the AIML.
The formation of a Muslim political party on national level was seen as essential bythe first stage of its formation was the meeting held at Lucknow in Septemberwith participation of representatives from all over India.
The decision for re-consideration boooks form the all Halil Muslim political party was taken, meanwhile, Nawab Salimullah Khan published a detailed scheme through which he suggested the party to be named All-India Muslim Confederacy. That was headed by both Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk and Nawab Muhasan-ul-Mulk, in which he explained its objectives and stressed the unity of the Muslims under the banner of an association, the political party was established at the end of the conference.
Fifty eight delegates from all over the Subcontinent were the members of League. The Leagues constitution was framed in in Karachi, inNawaab Syed Shamsul Huda selected as the president of the party.