The referenced article was written by Albert Z. Carr. In his article, Carr compares business to the game of poker in which bluffing is okay if all the players know. Editor’s note: This is an excerpt from “Business Ethics Perspectives on in the prestigious Harvard Business Review, the author, Albert. Carr In the same article, Carr goes on to assert the legitimacy of lying on one’s résumé. The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public.

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After all, you can be sure that your competition will do this and nothing more so if you decide to run your business by extra-legal moral principles you will suffer as a result.

Albert Z. Carr, Is business bluffing ethical? – PhilPapers

Thus, bsuiness to Kant’s ethical theory, business bluffing is not morally wrong. Ethics, Deception and Labor Negotiation. Albert Carr stated that legality and profits are the only standard that people in business should follow. The question is whether this is justified. Of course, there are rules to the game and certain things constitute cheating.

So, the claim that business ethics must be different to accommodate this is unjustified. What if everybody made false promises on everything all the time? I will also use the stakeholder theory to view business bluffing.

Thus ethicsl is a logical contradiction in universalizing false promise because once false promise is universalized it ceases to exist; this is why, according to Kant, it is wrong to make false promise. Viewing business bluffing through the two versions of the stakeholder theory yields two results.


Is business bluffing ethical?

Joseph Betz – businesd Business Ethics Quarterly 8 4: Chris Provis – – Journal of Business Ethics 28 2: The central point of criticism which Norman Gillespie raises in his article is that the business world is not, as Carr seems to think, fundamentally different from the rest of our lives. Essentials of Business Ethics forthcoming. You cannot say that because bluffing occurs in the business world it should occur.

Games, Deception, and the Morality of Bluffing. Is Business Bluffing Ethical – 1, words Search.

Example research essay topic: Is Business Bluffing Ethical – 1,613 words

If you talk a good game of ethics today you might save yourself from more intrusive laws and regulations tomorrow. If one wishes to be successful in the world of business, or in this case even enter the business world, one has little choice but to deceive. Applying this theory in business, bluffing can also cause two consequences, bringing more profits to the business or creating mistrust among its customers. To get a completely brand-new, plagiarism-free essay, please use our essay writing service.

Example research essay topic Is Business Bluffing Ethical

A Framework for Teaching Business Ethics. Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics. Sure, this is a small example but it does illustrate that the pressure to deceive enters the business world from the very start. Sign in Create an account. This is how business people ought to act; it is the right way to act in business; business people who act this way are virtuous.

As for dealings between businesses, businessmen do not mind being bluffed by other businessmen. Business bluffing is a given and is known by everyone, yet it still goes on. So we can see that bluffing, in effect, guarantees more happiness to more people. Some things might be fine as they are. Ethical Business and Investment: Just check any companys business plan and one can see that all they want to do is increase profits, not be honest.


Customers know that what is showed on TV is not a promise, it just a way the product can help things get better. If bluffing were to be used by the company to maximize profits, than there would be no problem because that is the essence of the narrow version. For example, after watching shampoo commercials on television, consumers do not believe that using a certain brand of shampoo will make their hair exactly as shiny as shown on the commercial.

Similarly, there are cases, according to Carr, where bluffing is acceptable in the business world. John Beach – – Journal of Business Ethics 4 3: In other words, if a businessman says his product is the best, consumers tend to believe that it may be average or even close to the best but not necessarily the best.

Or as Carr more politely puts it, bluff. Here he bluffiny giving away their cover! Thus, business bluffing, according to Utilitarianism, is morally right inside of business. Typical business practices violate the rules of ordinary morality e. From the view point of Kant’s ethical theory, if the rules for business bluffing are used outside the business field, it may run into logical contradictions and contradictions between two wills.

It is not hard to measure which consequence produces more happiness for people.