ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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The most prominent of both modern and ancient astronomers have deeply studied the question of the moving of the earth, and tried to refute it. He drew many different depictions of various instruments that are considered to be the precursors of more modern objects such as raian and the astrolabe, in which other scientists were able to use to complete these inventions in the coming years. He gave a clear account of Hindu numerals, elaborating the principle of position.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

SachauAlberuni’s India: He carried on a lengthy correspondence and sometimes heated debate with Ibn Sinain which Biruni repeatedly attacks Aristotle’s celestial physics: But even if the impulses for geometric design were originally created at the highest intellectual level, the designs themselves rapidly became automatic patterns. The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs. He was inspired by the arguments offered by Indian scholars who believed earth must be globular in shape, which is the only way to fully explain the difference in daylight hours by latitude, seasons and earth’s relative positions with moon and stars.

He developed a method for trisection of angle and other problems which cannot be solved with a ruler and a compass alone. In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on the possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he could neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates.


He sought to find a method to measure the height of the sun, and created an early version of an astrolabe for that purpose. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Using a whole body of mathematical methods not only those inherited from the antique theory of ratios and infinitesimal techniques, but also the methods of the contemporary algebra and fine calculation techniquesMuslim scientists raised statics to a new, higher level.

He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine.

Its known that huge cedar trees… Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Al-Biruni discussed, centuries before the rest of the world, the question whether the earth rotates around its axis or not.

Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: He stated that raihhan was fully objective in his writings, remaining unbiased like a proper historian should. His scientific method, taken together with that of other Muslim scien- tists, such as Ibn al-Haithamlaid down the early foundation of modern science.

University of Chicago Press. According to Akbar S.


Mathematics in the 10th century Uzbek culture In Uzbekistan: Al-Biruni wrote about the peoples, customs and religions of the Indian subcontinent. Kathor Khiva[1] KhwarezmAfrighid dynasty modern-day Uzbekistan.

Rwihan is generally accepted that he was Persian by origin, and spoke the Khwarizmian dialect Rahman, H. Al-Biruni’s and Gadamer’s “fusion of Horizons”. The work includes research on a vast array of topics of Indian culture, including descriptions of their al-biruno and customs.


We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science al-biruin help solve them. Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation. His endorsement of astrology is limited, in so far as he condemns horary astrology [25] as ‘sorcery’.

His critical spirit, love of truth, and scientific approach were combined with a sense of toleration. In our time the word is pronounced Biruni or Beeroonie. Nasr, “An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and al-biuni further developed in medieval Europe.

Pingree, David February 1, Little is known of his personal life, but what is known is mostly found through his writings rather than stories about him. Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world.

Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Translated by Sachau, Eduard.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Frederick 12 December Byzantine mathematics European mathematics Indian mathematics. Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physicsmathematicsastronomyand natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist. It was only hundreds of years later in the West, that his books became read and referenced again, especially his book on India which became relevant to the British Empire’s activity in India from the 17th century.